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Table 4 Bivariate analysis of HIV status and biological, proximate and underlying determinants among miners

From: Factors influencing risky sexual behaviour among Mozambican miners: a socio-epidemiological contribution for HIV prevention framework in Mozambique

  Result of ELISA  
Negative Positive  
Number Percentage Number Percentage O.R. (95% C. I.)
Discharge in penis No 239 78.5 65 21.5 1.00
Yes 11 83.5 2 16.5 0.720 (0.164 – 3.163)
Sore or ulcer in penis No 236 78.6 64 21.4 1.00
Yes 14 75.8 5 24.2 1.175 (0.393 – 2.383)
Diagnosed with STI No 236 78.1 66 21.9 1.00
Yes 14 85.8 2 14.2 0.590 (0.146 – 2.383)
Diagnosed with TB No 242 80.0 61 20.0 1.00
Yes 8 49.3 8 50.7 4.118 (1.474 – 11.507)
Total number of sexual partners in 12 months 1 112 79.1 29 20.9 1.00
2 86 77.0 26 23.0 1.131 (0.621 – 2.060)
3+ 52 79.2 14 20.8 0.993 (0.482 – 2.046)
Condom use in last 3 sexual acts Never 178 81.2 41 18.8 1.00
Always/Sometimes 68 71.4 27 28.6 1.729 (0.989 – 3.020)
Paid for sex last 12 months No 235 78.9 63 21.1 1.00
Yes 11 67.0 5 33.0 1.849 (0.625 – 5.471)
Use of alcohol and drugs before sex Never 200 77.1 59 22.9 1.00
Sometimes/Always 47 83.4 9 16.6 0.672 (0.314 – 1.437)
Age at first sex ≤18 117 77.8 33 22.2 1.00
19-24 106 78.0 30 22.0 0.989 (0.566 – 1.728)
≥25 27 84.0 5 16.0 0.668 (0.240 – 1.856)
Circumcision No 68 71.8 27 28.2 1.00
Yes 182 81.3 42 18.7 0.585 (0.334 – 1.023)
Age > 51 77 79.7 20 20.3 1.00
21 – 30 19 81.6 4 18.4 0.882 (0276 – 2.823)
31 – 40 77 74.1 27 25.9 1.367 (0.706 – 2.649)
41 – 50 77 81.3 18 18.7 0.903 (0.442 – 1.847)
Marital status in SA and Moz 1 in SA and Moz 20 80.7 5 19.3 1.00
No wife 10 68.0 4 32.0 1.962 (0.439 – 8.766)
1 in SA 4 78.6 1 21.4 1.137 (0.101 – 12.77)
1 in Moz 193 79.7 49 20.3 1.066 (0.377 – 3.011)
> 1 in Moz 24 72.4 9 27.6 1.593 (0.455 – 5.575)
Education level Secondary 34 80.7 8 19.3 1.00
None 13 81.9 3 18.1 0.926 (0.206 – 4.172)
Primary 203 77.9 58 22.1 1.184 (0.523 – 2.677)
Occupation Other 24 82.9 5 17.1 1.00
Engine driver 132 77.2 39 22.8 1.429 (0.508 – 4.018)
Perforator 56 82.2 12 17.8 1.052 (0.333 – 3.324)
Supervisor 38 75.2 12 24.8 1.596 (0.499 – 5.108)
Perceived risk of contracting HIV HIV+ 1 4.9 19 95.1 1.00
None 28 84.4 5 15.6 0.009 (0.001 – 0.091)
Low 58 82.0 13 18.0 0.011 (0.001 – 0.096)
Moderate 79 84.3 15 15.7 0.010 (0.001 – 0.081)
High 73 82.4 16 17.6 0.011 (0.001 – 0.092)
Accommodation in S.A. Alone 79 81.0 18 19.0 1.00
Hostel 103 79.0 27 21.0 1.136 (0588 – 2.195)
Family 45 74.5 15 25.5 1.459 (0.677 – 3.144)
Girlfriend/friends 23 76.4 7 23.6 1.318 (0.496 – 3.504)
  1. Significant estimates, at 5% significance level, are shown in "bold"