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Table 3 Odds ratio estimates for the association between proximate and underlying determinants among miners

From: Factors influencing risky sexual behaviour among Mozambican miners: a socio-epidemiological contribution for HIV prevention framework in Mozambique

  Total number of sexual partners within the previous yea Condom use in last 3 sexual acts within the previous year Had paid sex within the previous years Age at first sex Use of alcohol and drugs before sex within the previous year Circumcision
  Estimate p-value Estimate p-value Estimate p-value Estimate p-value Estimate p-value Estimate p-value
Age Group (years)
 21 –30 1.917 0.248 0.566 0.427 0.000 0.998 0.075 0.001 0.247 0.133 1.569 0.548
 31– 40 1.547 0.186 3.086 0.004 1.118 0.920 0.282 0.000 0.999 0.998 0.835 0.678
 41 – 50 0.955 0.884 1.113 0.779 2.443 0.366 1.146 0.658 0.604 0.258 1.022 0.957
  > 51 (reference)             
Marital status
 Never married 0.331 0.434 0.000 0.999 0.000 0.999 4.874 0.336 0.019 0.063 1.667 0.779
 Married/Union 0.647 0.529 0.531 0.253 0.098 0.066 9.469 0.019 0.039 0.000 0.579 0.459
 Divorced/Widow (reference)             
Marital status in SA and Moz
 Not married 0.000 0.999 1.968 0.375 1.957 0.622 0.000 0.999 3.516 0.059 1.197 0.778
 One in SA 0.717 0.741 1.748 0.620 0.329 0.171 0.343 0.297 3.234 0.252 1.370 0.765
 One in Moz 0.236 0.000 0.790 0.597 0.121 0.120 0.318 0.004 0.782 0.596 1.516 0.275
 More than one in Moz 1.763 0.246 0.423 0.176 0.000 0.998 0.437 0.101 1.142 0.811 0.741 0.515
 One in SA and Moz (reference)   .           
Province of residence in Mozambique
 Maputo 0.933 0.936 0.315 0.207 0.047 0.072 0.962 0.962 0.142 0.059 1.046 0.957
 Gaza 0.969 0.970 0.458 0.378 0.053 0.082 1.425 0.657 0.248 0.157 0.833 0.826
 Inhambane 1.332 0.734 0.262 0.134 0.067 0.096 0.728 0.691 0.171 0.073 37.448 0.000
 Other (reference)             
Education level _ref.
 No Schooling 0.297 0.077 0.720 0.622 0.000 0.998 3.367 0.043 0.000 0.998 0.574 0.472
 Primary 0.992 0.978 0.485 0.034 2.044 0.483 0.924 0.804 0.523 0.107 0.733 0.480
 Secondary (reference)             
Occupation
 Engine driver 1.459 0.359 2.326 0.097 3.276 0.448 2.111 0.064 2.518 0.239 0.310 0.024
 Perforator 2.545 0.035 1.694 0.332 2.033 0.672 1.224 0.650 4.999 0.048 0.252 0.014
 Team leader 1.749 0.229 2.047 0.210 0.000 0.997 3.232 0.011 2.865 0.212 0.265 0.022
 Outro (reference)             
Tested for HIV previously
 No 0.000 0.999 0.542 0.109 0.000 0.998 1.398 0.254 0.774 0.538 0.687 0.233
 Yes (reference)             
Result of last HIV test
 Negative 0.849 0.705 0.369 0.039 3.463 0.354 1.916 0.157 0.346 0.106 1.817 0.262
 Positive (reference)             
Participated in an HIV lecture
 Yes 0.460 0.005 0.646 0.174 0.346 0.139 0.601 0.078 0.966 0.932 1.022 0.955
 No (reference)             
Perceived risk of contracting HIV
 None 0.640 0.267 0.456 0.100 0.232 0.215 0.479 0.077 0.460 0.347 0.750 0.551
 Low 0.758 0.378 1.050 0.893 0.000 0.996 0.929 0.817 3.077 0.019 0.668 0.314
 Moderate 0.932 0.805 0.866 0.668 0.539 0.403 0.975 0.932 4.036 0.002 1.412 0.383
 High 0.000 0.999 0.000 0.999 0.000 0.999 0.000 0.999 0.000 0.999 0.000 0.999
 HIV+ (reference)             
Accommodation in SA
 Hostel 1.066 0.805 1.044 0.886 0.207 0.042 1.387 0.233 2.876 0.010 1.434 0.293
 Family 0.652 0.189 0.714 0.379 0.495 0.446 1.267 0.475 2.373 0.086 1.238 0.608
 Girlfriend/ friend /Colleague 0.770 0.509 0.709 0.476 0.000 0.997 1.952 0.101 5.323 0.002 0.438 0.150
 Alone (reference)             
Years working at the mine
 1 – 9 0.970 0.948 0.909 0.857 0.565 0.648 1.522 0.373 1.385 0.652 0.423 0.151
 10 – 24 0.649 0.221 0.637 0.286 0.277 0.232 1.189 0.616 1.993 0.207 1.017 0.969
 25+ (reference)             
How many trips back to Mozambique
 1 – 3 1.124 0.788 0.800 0.645 0.217 0.153 0.865 0.750 2.672 0.245 0.448 0.111
 4 – 6 2.040 0.103 1.104 0.837 0.141 0.076 0.824 0.672 4.654 0.068 0.859 0.759
 7 – 9 1.379 0.625 1.219 0.789 1.769 0.646 0.736 0.658 3.807 0.204 0.789 0.780
  > 10 (reference)             
  1. Test of proportional odds for number of sexual partners (p-value = 0.649)
  2. Test of proportional odds for age at first sex (p-value = 0.274)
  3. Significant estimates, at 5% significance level, are shown in "bold"