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Table 5 Coefficients of the negative binomial models of healthcare use

From: Ageing under unequal circumstances: a cross-sectional analysis of the gender and socioeconomic patterning of functional limitations among the Southern European elderly

  In-patient days Doctor consultations
  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)
VARIABLES ES IT PT All ES IT PT All
Level of limitation
 Base category: Non-limited
  Moderately Limited 0.750** 0.928*** 0.979*** 0.799*** 0.500*** 0.344*** 0.529*** 0.419***
(0.33) (0.32) (0.36) (0.21) (0.08) (0.11) (0.14) (0.06)
  Severely Limited 1.625*** 1.663*** 2.220*** 1.733*** 0.660*** 0.580*** 0.431** 0.604***
(0.28) (0.27) (0.48) (0.20) (0.09) (0.12) (0.17) (0.08)
Sex
 Base category: Male
  Female −0.550** −0.066 0.275 −0.234 0.186** 0.101 0.364** 0.154***
(0.28) (0.28) (0.30) (0.20) (0.08) (0.07) (0.15) (0.05)
  Age −0.010 0.032** 0.023 0.010 −0.006 0.005 0.003 0.001
(0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00)
Education level
 Base category: No education
  Primary −0.086 0.467 0.469 −0.039 0.058 0.039 0.169 0.095
(0.29) (0.47) (0.54) (0.24) (0.08) (0.12) (0.18) (0.07)
  Secondary −0.653** 0.290 0.981 −0.296 −0.093 −0.149 0.191 −0.070
(0.32) (0.50) (0.64) (0.26) (0.09) (0.14) (0.20) (0.08)
  Tertiary −0.758 0.423 0.907 −0.197 −0.043 −0.229 0.482 −0.025
(0.55) (0.70) (0.66) (0.43) (0.17) (0.20) (0.30) (0.12)
Subjective poverty
 Base category: Not poor
  poor 0.289 0.078 0.442 0.273 0.104 0.169** 0.011 0.133***
(0.26) (0.21) (0.31) (0.17) (0.07) (0.07) (0.17) (0.05)
Employment status
 Base category: Active
  Inactive 1.711*** 0.332 0.607 0.892*** 0.537*** 0.552*** 0.218 0.516***
(0.37) (0.35) (0.39) (0.25) (0.11) (0.10) (0.18) (0.07)
  Homemaker 1.790*** 0.031 0.404 0.708** 0.333*** 0.365*** 0.354 0.339***
(0.46) (0.44) (0.56) (0.30) (0.11) (0.12) (0.30) (0.08)
Marital status
 Base category: Not in a couple
  In a couple −0.387 0.223 −0.121 −0.022 0.142** 0.041 0.039 0.078
(0.27) (0.23) (0.36) (0.18) (0.07) (0.08) (0.12) (0.05)
Country dummies
 Spain FE     0.231     0.400***
    (0.22)     (0.09)
 Italy FE     0.425*     0.559***
    (0.22)     (0.09)
Observations 3212 3384 1903 8499 3203 3372 1881 8456
  1. Standard errors in parentheses *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1