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Table 3 Marginal effects for functional limitation, from the multinomial model, by age group (full sample)

From: Ageing under unequal circumstances: a cross-sectional analysis of the gender and socioeconomic patterning of functional limitations among the Southern European elderly

  Mature adults (50-64) Elderly (65-79) Oldest old (80+)
  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
VARIABLES Moderately limited Severely limited Moderately limited Severely limited Moderately limited Severely limited
Age 0.002** 0.000 0.009*** 0.009*** −0.011 0.037***
(0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01)
Sex
 Base category: Male
  Female 0.034*** 0.002 0.096*** 0.033** 0.073 0.155**
(0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.08)
Education level
 Base category: No education
  Primary −0.022 −0.005 −0.071*** −0.068*** −0.022 −0.119
(0.02) (0.00) (0.03) (0.02) (0.10) (0.09)
  Secondary −0.053 −0.016** −0.060** −0.082*** −0.069 −0.210**
(0.04) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.09) (0.10)
  Tertiary −0.027 −0.015*** −0.031 −0.033 0.117 −0.345***
(0.02) (0.00) (0.03) (0.03) (0.18) (0.08)
Subjective poverty
 Base category: Poor
  Poor 0.035*** 0.008** 0.067*** 0.075*** 0.029 0.062
(0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.06)
Marital status
 Base category: Not in a couple
  In a couple 0.004 −0.005 0.005 −0.004 −0.027 −0.087
(0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.08)
Country dummies
 Spain 0.000 −0.017*** 0.026 0.003 0.013 0.052
(0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) (0.06) (0.07)
 Italy 0.034** −0.001 0.047* 0.030 −0.041 0.049
(0.02) (0.00) (0.03) (0.03) (0.08) (0.09)
Observations 3944 3944 3577 3577 1005 1005
  1. Standard errors in parentheses *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1. Marginal effects reported in the table are adjusted for the covariates included in the same column. Employment status was excluded of the regressions because it predicted perfectly values of the dependent variable. As a consequence convergence in the estimation of the multinomial model could not be achieved unless the employment status was dropped out