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Table 1 Sample characteristics (weighted means and standard errors)

From: Ageing under unequal circumstances: a cross-sectional analysis of the gender and socioeconomic patterning of functional limitations among the Southern European elderly

  ITALY PORTUGAL SPAIN All
  n = 3583 n = 2080 n = 3570 n = 9233
VARIABLES Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Female (%) 54.5 1.6 53.5 2.8 54.6 1.2 54.4 1.0
Age 66.72 0.38 65.85 0.52 66.34 0.26 66.5 0.3
Degree of functional limitation (%)
 Non limited 79.4 1.4 75.5 2.1 78.7 1.0 78.8 0.9
 Moderately Limited 11.1 1.1 13.7 1.5 10.3 0.7 11.0 0.7
 Severely Limited 9.6 1.1 10.9 1.6 11.0 0.7 10.2 0.6
Healthcare use
 Doctor consultations 8.46 0.31 4.96 0.41 6.99 0.22 7.59 0.19
 In-patient days 1.54 0.17 1.37 0.49 1.56 0.19 1.54 0.13
 Informal care (%)a 59.9 3.8 42.1 4.6 50.9 2.4 54.7 2.3
Education level (%)
 No education 3.0 0.6 5.1 0.8 12.6 0.7 6.8 0.4
 Primary 39.0 1.6 67.3 2.3 44.8 1.2 43.7 1.0
 Secondary 52.3 1.6 20.6 1.8 32.3 1.1 42.0 1.0
 Tertiary 5.8 0.7 7.0 1.3 10.2 0.8 7.5 0.5
Subjective poverty (%)
 Poor 52.9 1.6 55.3 2.9 53.6 1.2 53.3 0.9
Employment status (%)
 Active 26.7 1.5 26.8 2.1 31.5 1.1 28.5 0.9
 Inactive 51.3 1.6 58.5 2.8 43.1 1.2 48.9 1.0
 Homemaker 22.0 1.3 14.8 2.6 25.5 1.0 22.7 0.8
Marital status (%)
 In a couple 69.5 1.6 76.7 2.1 68.6 1.2 69.8 1.0
  1. aDue to questionnaire design, the informal care variable presented many missing observations between those without any functional limitation. Therefore descriptive statistics on this variable are based only on the subsample of those with one or more functional limitations