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Table 5 Robustness check- Decomposing 2011–2003 change in catastrophic health expenditure at different thresholds

From: Changes in catastrophic health expenditure in post-conflict Sierra Leone: an Oaxaca-blinder decomposition analysis

  5% 10% 15% 20% 25%
2011 43.5*** 32.0*** 24.1*** 17.8*** 13.4***
2003 66.1*** 50.1*** 38.5*** 30.7*** 24.5***
CHE gap −22.6*** −18.1*** −14.4*** −12.9*** −11.1***
Distributional Effect −15.3*** −14.0*** −10.9*** −8.60*** −6.11***
Coefficient Effect −9.75*** −6.65*** −4.98** −4.73** −5.45***
Interaction 2.47 2.56 1.48 0.393 0.445
Detailed Decomposition: Distributional Effect
 Below median expenditure −0.454 −0.61 −0.585 −0.438 −0.253
 Married 0.136 0.194 0.288 0.187 0.151
 Age (years) 0.247 −0.509 0.412 0.51 0.133
 Age squared −0.0951 0.356 −0.471 −0.252 0.0814
 Male −0.119 0.0966 0.32 0.342 0.186
 Muslim 0.0933 0.201 0.0754 0.0157 −0.0726
 No education −0.0405 −0.00354 −0.0333 0.00378 −0.0149
 Unemployed adults −0.348 −0.355 −0.236 −0.42 −0.214
 Rural area −0.328 0.0404 0.0175 0.00533 −0.0432
 Region −0.528 −1.14** −1.36*** −2.05*** −1.81***
 Log household size −0.456 −0.42 −0.267 −0.399 −0.376
 Children under 5 years 0.249 0.24 0.182 0.266 0.369
 Adults over 65 years −0.0913 −0.0672 −0.00296 −0.0669 −0.0438
 Ill health −12.7*** −10.5*** −7.45*** −5.08*** −3.13***
 Formal Public 0.133 0.234 0.304 0.31 0.307
 Formal NGO & Missionary −0.281** −0.384** −0.540*** −0.481** −0.411**
 Formal Private −1.06*** −2.01*** −2.42*** −2.07*** −2.08***
 Informal Private 0.166 0.240 0.336** 0.371** 0.393**
 Public Hospital 0.123 0.314 0.411 0.501** 0.567**
 Private Hospital 0.00152 0.0613 0.116 0.143 0.162
Detailed Decomposition: Coefficient Effect
 Below median expenditure −2.49 −1.91 −3.37 −2.98 −2.34
 Married −4.47 −7.56 −10.5*** −9.43** −6.91
 Age (years) −17.5 −33.6 −9.07 1.53 1.35
 Age squared 11.7 17.1 3.92 5.74 4.25
 Male −2.97 2.61 6.48 7.20 4.43
 Muslim −0.752 −2.63 −0.746 0.183 1.02
 No education 4.61 0.904 1.84 −1.61 0.904
 Unemployed adults −0486 1.17 1.62 2.42 1.7
 Rural area 4.97** 0.129 1.19 2.22 2.5
 Region 0.567 1.25** 1.03** 1.08** 0.986**
 Log household size −1.8 −2.9 2.96 −9.90 −14.0***
 Children under 5 years 1.9 −0.0574 −0.271 0.455 0.701
 Adults over 65 years −0.226 −0.0172 0.76 −0.132 0.449
 Ill health −9.57*** −6.96** −1.97 0.897 1.22
 Formal Public 3.84*** 2.35*** −0.316 −1.05 −1.48
 Formal NGO & Missionary 0.637** 0.741** 0.405 0.497 0.635
 Formal Private 2.73*** 1.02 −1.13 −1.28 −1.74
 Informal Private 0.00682 −0.0502 −0.307 −0.475** −0.587***
 Public Hospital 0.331** 0.189 0.0993 −0.072 −0.112
 Private Hospital −0.0407 −0.131 −0.183** −0.199** −0.214**
 Constant −0.724 21.8 2.59 0.174 1.77
 Observations 4686 4686 4686 4686 4686
  1. p < 0.1, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01