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Table 2 Mean Household Characteristics

From: Changes in catastrophic health expenditure in post-conflict Sierra Leone: an Oaxaca-blinder decomposition analysis

  2003 2011 Difference± Full Sample
Health expenditure share of total expenditure > 10% (CHE) 0.501 0.32 −0.181*** 0.41
Socioeconomic inequality in CHE ¥ 0.060 0.068*** 0.008 0.0343
Household Characteristics
 Below median total expenditure 0.555 0.418 −0.137*** 0.486
 Total expenditure /capita (US$) 39.87 97.63 57.76** 68.88
 Food expenditure/capita (US$) 15.93 45.19 29.26*** 30.63
 Non-food expenditure/capita (US$) 16.74 46.02 29.28 31.45
 Health expenditure (US$) 19.92 15.03 −4.89 17.46
 Food share of total expenditure 16.64 10.07 −6.56*** 13.34
 Health share of total expenditure 48.27 63.49 15.22*** 55.91
 Household size 5.576 5.378 −0.198 5.477
 Log household size 1.588 1.561 −0.027 1.574
 Children under 5 years 0.142 0.106 −0.036*** 0.124
 Adults over 65 years 0.045 0.039 −0.005 0.042
 Unemployed adults 0.305 0.377 0.072*** 0.3411
 Ill health 0.399 0.191 −0.208*** 0.295
Household location
 Rural 0.607 0.67 0.063*** 0.639
 Western region 0.188 0.15 −0.038** 0.169
 Eastern region 0.239 0.284 0.045*** 0.261
 Northern region 0.291 0.418 0.127*** 0.355
 Southern region 0.283 0.148 −0.135*** 0.215
Health facility
 Formal Public 0.090 0.095 0.005 0.092
 Formal NGO & Missionary 0.012 0.004 −0.008*** 0.008
 Formal Private 0.064 0.022 −0.042*** 0.043
 Informal Private 0.010 0.016 0.006** 0.013
 Public Hospital 0.006 0.011 0.005*** 0.008
 Private Hospital 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.002
Head of Household Characteristics
 Married 0.768 0.794 0.026 0.781
 Age (years) 46.67 44.58 −2.09*** 45.62
 Male 0.794 0.742 −0.052*** 0.768
 Muslim 0.718 0.779 0.061*** 0.749
 No education 0.825 0.838 0.013 0.832
 Observations 1886 2800   4686
  1. p < 0.1, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01, ± estimated using student’s T-test, ¥this is estimated as the concentration index