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Table 6 Summary of results of changes in income related MNCH inequalities, 2000–2014

From: Examining changes in maternal and child health inequalities in Ethiopia

  Rate Differences Rate Ratio Conc. Index Test of Dominance: Concentration Curves
Bottom 40% vs. Top 60% Poorest (q1) vs. Richest (q5) Bottom 40% vs. Top 60% Poorest (q1) vs. Richest (q5) mca rule iup rule
Panel A: Health Status
Stunting Worsened Worsened Worsened Worsened Worsened NS NS
Wasting Worsened NS Worsened NS NS Worsened NS
Underweight NS NS Worsened Worsened Worsened Worsened NS
NMRa NS NS Improveda
IMRa NS NS Improveda
U5MRa NS NS Improveda
Panel B: Health Services
Measles vaccination NS NS Improved Improved Improved Improved NS
Full immunization NS NS NS NS Improvedb NS NS
Contraceptive Worsened NS Improved Improved Improved Improved NS
ANC4+ Worsened Worsened NS NS Improvedb Improved NS
SBA Worsened Worsened NS Improved Improvedb Improved Improved
  1. Notes: The table summarizes results of different approaches presented in the previous sections and the test of dominance. The test of dominance is based on [15]. The number of evenly spaced quintile points is 19 (from 5% to 95%) and the significance level is 5%. The dominance test rules, mca and iup, respectively denote the multiple comparison approach and the intersection union principle. “–” is test not applicable. NS is no significant change from the earliest survey
  2. aThe improvement for mortality indicators is a progression of the distribution from a more pro-poor towards the line of equality. bImprovement is not significant if Wagstaff concentration index is used
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