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Table 4 Trends in MNCH between poorest and richest households, 2000–2014

From: Examining changes in maternal and child health inequalities in Ethiopia

  Richest Quintile Poorest Quintile Difference Ratio
Earliest Survey Latest Survey Earliest Survey Latest Survey Earliest Survey Latest Survey p-val Earliest Survey Latest Survey p-val
Stunting 47.7 27.4 59.3 47.1 −11.6 −19.7 0.057 0.8 0.6 0.002
Wasting 8.9 7.4 12.1 11.7 −3.2 −4.3 0.656 0.7 0.6 0.559
Underweight 31.0 16.6 43.8 33.4 −12.8 −16.8 0.237 0.7 0.5 0.003
NNMR 42.3 45.3 33.7 36.8 8.6 8.4 0.991 1.3 1.2 NA
IMR 88.2 67.7 77.9 67.0 10.3 0.7 0.669 1.1 1.0 NA
U5MR 137.6 78.4 136.1 89.7 1.5 −11.3 0.603 1.0 0.9 NA
Measles vaccination 53.1 79.9 18.7 47.1 34.3 32.8 0.825 2.8 1.7 0.023
Full immunization 34.8 50.9 7.2 17.5 27.6 33.4 0.419 4.8 2.9 0.153
Contraceptive 26.1 57.2 3.2 30.9 23.0 26.2 0.538 8.3 1.8 0.000
ANC4+ 34.8 60.2 4.1 8.6 30.7 51.7 0.000 8.6 7.0 0.481
SBA 25.4 55.6 0.9 4.5 24.5 51.0 0.000 29.6 12.3 0.060
  1. Source: Authors’ compilation from the EDHS (2000, 2005, 2011 & 2014) data
  2. Notes: Indicators are given in percentage points except for mortality rates, which are number of deaths per 1000 live births. The earliest year is 2000 for all indicators. The latest year is 2014 for all indicators except immunization (full and measles), for which it is 2011
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