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Table 3 Trends in MNCH between poor and rich households, 2000–2014

From: Examining changes in maternal and child health inequalities in Ethiopia

  Top 60% Bottom 40% Difference Ratio
Earliest Survey Latest Survey Earliest Survey Latest Survey Earliest Survey Latest
Survey
p-value Earliest Survey Latest Survey p-value
Stunting 55.2 36.2 59.4 45.9 −4.2 −9.8 0.064 0.9 0.8 0.013
Wasting 12.4 7.5 12.7 10.6 −0.3 −3.0 0.077 1.0 0.7 0.034
Underweight 39.9 23.1 44.7 30.9 −4.7 −7.8 0.189 0.9 0.7 0.011
NNMR 53.8 40.3 40.9 27.1 12.9 13.2 0.977 1.3 1.5 NA
IMR 105.8 60.7 82.2 57.7 23.6 3.0 0.176 1.3 1.1 NA
U5MR 171.9 79.0 152.7 81.7 19.2 −2.7 0.212 1.1 1.0 NA
Measles vaccination 33.9 62.1 17.5 49.9 16.5 12.2 0.354 1.9 1.2 0.006
Full immunization 19.3 30.3 8.1 18.1 11.2 12.2 0.796 2.4 1.7 0.143
Contraceptive 10.1 50.8 3.2 36.6 6.9 14.2 0.033 3.2 1.4 0.002
ANC4+ 14.8 34.8 4.3 10.6 10.4 24.2 0.000 3.4 3.3 0.876
SBA 8.9 24.2 1.2 5.0 7.7 19.3 0.000 7.5 4.9 0.142
  1. Source: Authors’ compilation from the EDHS (2000, 2005, 2011 & 2014) data
  2. Notes: Indicators are given in percentage points except for mortality rates, which are number of deaths per 1000 live births. The earliest year is 2000 for all indicators. The latest year is 2014 for all indicators except immunization (full and measles), for which it is 2011
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