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Table 1 Comparison of psychological problems of LBA with different Socio-economic indicators

From: The psychological problems and related influential factors of left-behind adolescents (LBA) in Hunan, China: a cross sectional study

Variables Group Number % Mean \( \left(\overline{X}\right) \) SD (S) F P
Age 12 42 3.2 2.04 0.57 3.516 0.004
13 224 17.1 2.06 0.54
14 373 28.5 2.22 0.59
15 413 31.6 2.21 0.55
16 240 18.3 2.20 0.52
17 17 1.3 2.25 0.51
Gender Male 661 50.5 2.16 0.54 0.911 0.340
Female 648 49.5 2.20 0.57
Grade Grade 7 405 30.9 2.08 0.56 10.070 <0.001
Grade 8 419 32.0 2.26 0.57
Grade 9 485 37.1 2.20 0.53
Parents out for work Only father out for work 458 35.0 2.17 0.55 0.157 0.855
Only mother out for work 118 9.0 2.19 0.56
Both parents out for work 733 56.0 2.19 0.56
Father’s education 1-6 year 297 22.7 2.23 0.55 2.621 0.049
7-9 year 763 58.3 2.14 0.55
10-12 year 240 18.3 2.23 0.58
>12 year 9 .7 2.10 0.41
Mother’s education 1-6 year 499 38.1 2.21 0.55 0.631 0.595
7-9 year 681 52.0 2.16 0.55
10-12 year 123 9.4 2.17 0.60
>12 year 6 .5 2.31 0.63
Father’s job worker 481 36.7 2.16 0.57 0.733 0.569
farmer 595 45.5 2.20 0.53
intelligentsia 13 1.0 2.35 0.55
government officer 17 1.3 2.21 0.77
others 203 15.5 2.18 0.60
Mother’s job worker 279 21.3 2.13 0.58 1.831 0.120
farmer 796 60.8 2.20 0.54
intelligentsia 23 1.8 2.04 0.58
government officer 7 .5 1.88 0.65
others 204 15.6 2.22 0.60
frequency of communication with parents Never 34 2.6 2.22 0.55 0.171 0.953
Once everyday 116 8.9 2.15 0.62
once within in week 367 28.0 2.18 0.53
once in a week to a month 171 13.1 2.17 0.53
Unset frequency 621 47.4 2.19 0.57
Relation with caregivers Father 85 6.5 2.14 0.58 0.415 0.913
Mother 437 33.4 2.17 0.54
grandparents 565 43.2 2.18 0.56
grandparents in law 142 10.8 2.20 0.58
Uncles 27 2.1 2.20 0.56
Aunts 40 3.1 2.20 0.50
Brothers or sisters 7 .5 2.20 0.49
Themselves 6 .5 2.38 0.96
  1. Note: ANOVA analysis was used to compare the mean score of psychological problems among different groups of LBA
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