Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Descriptive statistics of ARI symptoms prevalence by region, DHS 2003, 2008 and 2013 Nigeria

From: Factors contributing to regional inequalities in acute respiratory infections symptoms among under-five children in Nigeria: a decomposition analysis

  North West North East North Central South East South South South West
Variables 2003
N = 1517%wta
2008
N = 6772%wta
2013
N = 8760%wta
2003
N = 1234%wta
2008
N = 5699%wta
2013
N = 5856%wta
2003
N = 893%wta
2008
N = 4505%wta
2013
N = 4286%wta
2003
N = 460%wta
2008
N = 2160%wta
2013
N = 2553%wta
2003
N = 482%wta
2008
N = 2979%wta
2013
N = 3498%wta
2003
N = 573%wta
2008
N = 3084%wta
2013
N = 3643%wta
Child’s gender (female)
 Female 8.52 2.20 0.76 17.10 7.33 5.48 5.72 1.03 2.37 7.65 1.80 1.92 11.4 3.00 1.83 6.55 0.90 0.70
 Male 9.19 1.62 0.96 15.42 7.76 4.76 7.79 1.51 1.76 4.70 1.75 2.19 13.14 3.97 1.65 6.99 1.14 0.90
Child’s age (months)
 0–5 14.68 1.80 0.46 18.99 4.78 4.93 6.88 1.43 1.23 4.36 1.51 1.84 13.53 2.48 0.82 2.47 0.69 0.00
 6–11 12.59 2.06 0.95 28.62 10.41 7.00 9.85 1.83 3.28 11.77 2.44 4.62 21.69 3.40 2.36 6.35 0.98 1.92
 12–23 11.80 2.65 1.28 13.96 10.10 7.68 8.84 1.94 4.21 12.11 2.94 3.44 13.13 4.96 2.98 9.05 1.39 0.94
 24–35 9.87 2.17 1.11 16.94 7.37 5.25 6.44 1.05 1.88 4.15 1.38 1.72 9.07 4.96 2.07 5.06 1.72 1.21
 36–59 3.49 1.37 0.61 11.99 6.46 3.26 4.59 1.15 0.96 3.91 1.22 0.65 9.95 2.32 0.90 8.31 0.63 0.42
Birth order and interval
 1st birth 10.74 1.92 0.71 18.79 6.59 3.39 7.06 1.16 2.09 4.02 2.17 2.76 17.32 3.75 2.39 4.44 1.34 0.88
 2 to 4 and short 9.83 1.10 0.65 19.13 7.96 4.68 9.81 1.23 1.36 1.32 1.10 1.10 14.01 1.44 0.15 7.55 0.36 3.05
 2 to 4 and long 9.82 2.15 1.02 14.89 6.05 4.44 4.36 1.27 2.29 9.78 2.00 1.70 12.04 3.48 2.02 6.44 1.28 0.54
 5 to + and short 2.38 2.77 0.89 17.89 8.56 6.37 1.94 2.71 2.17 7.51 0.88 3.02 23.97 5.59 0.39 9.88 0.66 0.00
 5 to + and long 8.25 1.67 0.82 14.51 9.04 6.56 9.47 1.49 1.91 8.76 1.91 2.29 5.53 3.77 1.67 10.53 0.20 0.91
Height/Age (chronic)
 Deficit 7.65 1.98 0.85 12.50 8.70 5.95 6.11 1.48 1.81 5.62 1.29 0.63 22.63 5.57 3.93 6.36 1.57 1.20
 Normal 10.33 1.98 0.80 19.75 6.66 5.05 8.71 1.55 2.18 6.94 1.48 2.53 10.92 3.58 1.45 6.68 1.01 0.77
 Above normal 16.09 1.43 3.06 28.44 10.76 1.10 9.47 0.40 2.22 3.40 4.54 0.41 11.71 3.58 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00
Received BCG
 Yes 8.14 2.56 0.72 18.16 6.10 5.62 8.35 1.60 2.07 6.40 1.96 2.08 11.33 3.17 1.80 6.12 1.02 0.87
 No 9.15 1.71 0.90 15.77 8.04 4.85 4.14 1.13 2.00 6.42 1.02 1.99 15.34 4.56 1.48 11.23 1.09 0.51
 Don’t know 8.89 0.00 0.00 0.00 17.33 8.40 26.06 0.00 7.72 5.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Child has health Card
 No 8.55 1.88 0.86 15.84 8.31 4.65 5.37 1.73 2.17 4.99 1.25 1.89 17.30 5.15 1.93 9.50 1.43 0.92
 Yes (seen/no seen) 10.60 2.04 0.81 17.24 5.62 5.89 7.88 1.09 1.83 6.53 1.94 2.11 9.16 3.03 1.78 5.25 0.96 0.78
 No longer has card 10.68 2.30 1.77 13.98 7.00 6.92 7.71 1.41 3.81 3.59 0.00 0.00 8.15 0.40 0.48 19.18 0.85 0.00
Household Characteristics
 Cooking methods
  Kerosene 12.95 1.93 0.16 13.71 15.91 4.39 3.24 0.39 0.65 4.44 1.29 0.67 14.51 2.78 1.57 4.83 1.05 0.59
  Biomass 8.46 1.93 0.92 16.45 7.32 5.20 7.35 1.56 2.34 9.41 2.03 2.75 12.60 4.09 1.71 10.61 1.05 1.44
  Others 2.85 0.00 0.00 4.46 9.96 1.88 3.16 0.00 0.79 4.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.75 11.97 0.00 0.00
 Maternal education
  No education 8.99 2.09 0.95 15.18 7.73 5.03 7.37 1.32 0.86 16.26 3.29 5.33 14.20 0.96 0.86 11.59 2.16 0.11
  Primary 9.49 1.26 0.58 16.06 8.07 6.03 7.52 1.53 3.01 6.43 2.07 1.04 17.72 4.44 1.38 8.19 0.60 1.46
  Secondary 7.98 1.51 0.65 22.93 4..39 4.98 5.15 1.31 3.49 6.03 1.45 2.24 7.79 3.57 1.70 5.41 1.11 0.86
  Higher 4.49 0.00 0.00 21.09 12.66 2.92 0.00 1.46 0.34 1.65 1.49 2.27 8.75 1.04 3.40 2.34 0.36 0.00
 Household wealth index
  Poorest 8.46 2.14 1.05 13.44 7.26 4.70 7.31 1.02 0.97 16.11 2.00 0.46 13.61 8.54 0.00 13.79 0.69 0.58
  Poorer 10.45 2.40 1.18 19.78 9.00 6.42 3.89 1.97 4.28 8.74 3.29 3.78 14.25 4.59 2.68 11.77 1.19 0.66
  Middle 9.44 1.21 0.52 17.72 6.25 5.46 8.50 1.54 2.11 7.69 2.54 3.27 18.44 3.12 1.59 10.75 1.68 0.74
  Richer 6.43 1.07 0.25 16.57 7.93 4.03 8.44 1.33 0.79 3.81 0.86 2.14 10.78 3.36 1.54 6.04 1.09 0.92
  Richest 8.78 1.71 0.00 11.43 5.85 2.98 3.30 0.68 1.06 4.67 1.47 0.58 7.34 1.91 1.77 4.80 0.79 0.79
 Type of residence
  Urban 8.69 1.32 0.36 14.69 7.56 4.16 4.42 1.03 1.23 4.09 1.67 2.19 6.77 2.76 2.02 4.33 0.95 0.70
  Rural 8.93 2.04 1.01 16.75 7.54 5.43 7.40 1.51 2.31 8.59 1.86 1.76 14.13 3.78 1.59 12.28 1.11 1.07
 Outcome measure
  Symptoms of ARI 8.9 1.9 0.9 16.2 7.5 5.1 6.8 1.4 2.06 6.4 1.8 2.1 12.2 3.5 1.7 6.8 1.0 0.8
  1. aWeighted percentages and means are reported. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding