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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of ARI and determinants by region, DHS 2003, 2008 and 2013 Nigeria

From: Factors contributing to regional inequalities in acute respiratory infections symptoms among under-five children in Nigeria: a decomposition analysis

  North West North East North Central South East South South South West
Variables 2003
N = 1517%wta
2008
N = 6772%wta
2013
N = 8760%wta
2003
N = 1234%wta
2008
N = 5699%wta
2013
N = 5856%wta
2003
N = 893%wta
2008
N = 4505%wta
2013
N = 4286%wta
2003
N = 460%wta
2008
N = 2160%wta
2013
N = 2553%wta
2003
N = 482%wta
2008
N = 2979%wta
2013
N = 3498%wta
2003
N = 573%wta
2008
N = 3084%wta
2013
N = 3643%wta
ARI prevalence (%) 8.9 1.9 0.9 16.2 7.5 5.1 6.8 1.4 2.06 6.4 1.8 2.1 12.2 3.5 1.7 6.8 1.0 0.8
Child’s gender (female)
 Female 48.9 49.7 50.7 47.8 50 48.5 49.6 49.2 49.7 56.2 48.8 49.4 50.2 48.9 49.9 45.1 49.1 49.6
 Male 51.0 50.2 49.2 52.1 49.9 51.4 50.3 50.7 50.2 43.7 51.1 50.5 49.7 51.01 50.1 54.8 50.8 50.3
Child’s age (months)
 0–5 12.8 10.9 9.8 12.2 12.5 10.7 11.4 11.3 10.7 10.2 11.4 10.5 12.7 12.1 10.3 13.9 11.4 10.2
 6–11 12.2 11.9 11.8 12.5 10.4 10.5 14.2 11.5 10.1 7.51 10.9 12.2 12.6 11.6 11.1 14.2 11.9 11.4
 12–23 19.6 20.3 20.0 17.9 19.6 20.3 19.1 18.6 20.2 21.2 20.7 21.2 17.6 20.1 21.5 16.6 19.2 20.1
 24–35 18.6 18.5 18.3 18.8 18.4 18.7 18.9 18.4 19.8 28.3 19.4 19.1 21.7 19.1 20.1 17 18.4 18.8
 36–59 36.5 38.2 39.8 38.3 38.8 39.5 36.2 40.0 39.1 32.6 37.4 36.7 35.2 37.1 36.8 38.1 38.8 39.2
Birth order and interval
 1st birth 18.1 16.3 16.01 16.8 15.3 16.8 20.9 18.6 20.8 24.1 22.2 22.6 24.0 22.3 25.5 26.9 24.9 23.6
 2 to 4 and short 10.0 9.9 8.8 11.8 9.7 11.2 10.1 8.9 9.4 19.8 17.8 16.4 8.2 12.1 11.5 9.85 8.9 10.2
 2 to 4 and long 32.3 32.9 31.9 29.9 32.3 32.5 36.9 39.5 39.7 29.1 30.2 31.9 32.02 36.2 35.9 43.8 47.2 43.4
 5 to + and short 8.6 8.95 9.4 9.9 9.9 9.3 4.62 5.8 5.3 6.5 7.6 6.3 6.0 6.3 5.3 1.3 2.7 3.2
 5 to + and long 30.9 31.7 33.8 31.4 32.7 30.1 27.3 27.1 24.8 20.5 22.0 22.7 29.6 23 21.7 17.9 16.1 16.5
Height/Age (chronic)
 Deficit 55.7 49.3 51.2 43.4 45 37.5 32.1 39.1 25.7 19.5 17.5 11.9 17.3 26.2 14.9 24.6 26.6 17.2
 Normal 42.2 45.2 46.2 53.6 49.7 57.4 64.7 56.4 69.4 72.2 74.6 82.4 76.6 69.2 76.3 72.8 68.2 78.5
 Above normal 1.96 5.39 2.5 2.9 5.19 5.07 3.2 4.4 4.8 8.2 7.8 5.6 6.0 4.5 8.7 2.5 5.1 4.2
Received BCG
 No 74.5 80.2 77.8 63.9 73.6 65.1 40.8 40.8 41.1 13.9 21.1 13.3 28.5 25.2 18.7 13.5 18.4 17.6
 DK 0 0.5 0.1 2.2 0.2 0.2 0.7 1.1 0.4 2.3 0.5 0.5 1.9 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.1
Child has health Card
 Yes (seen/no seen) 17.7 16.9 20.7 29.4 25.5 34.6 50.3 49.0 50.5 84.8 79.3 83.3 56.3 69.8 75.9 78.6 61.8 80.8
 No longer has card 2.8 1.8 1.5 0.8 4.0 1.57 5.5 3.6 4.7 2.3 1.2 1.3 4.9 4.2 4.3 5.7 18.8 0.4
Household Characteristics
 Cooking methods
  Kerosene 10.5 5.4 6.9 2.8 2.5 7.4 11.9 11.9 14.1 58.9 28.1 30.1 28.1 31.1 35.5 67.3 58.8 66.1
  Biomass 88.5 93.9 92.7 95.9 96.9 91.6 85.7 85.9 83.1 38.8 69.5 67.5 64.8 64.3 57.3 27.4 38.2 28.6
  Others 0.9 0.6 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9 2.2 2.1 2.7 2.2 2.3 2.3 6.9 4.5 7.2 5.2 2.8 5.1
 Maternal education
  No education 73.1 78.0 76.2 71.1 73.2 70.2 41.2 43.6 41.4 7.2 6.9 4.5 9.9 6.5 7.19 12.1 14.5 10.6
  Primary 13.1 13.1 12.3 16.8 16.5 14.2 36.0 29.5 25.8 32.1 31.1 27.1 38 35.3 28.1 31.8 28.4 25.4
  Secondary 12.1 7.3 10.1 10.4 9.06 12.8 19.9 21.5 26.0 48.3 50.2 57.6 45.5 49.8 53.5 47.6 44.2 48.7
  Higher 1.5 1.46 1.3 1.5 1.21 2.63 2.98 5.37 6.77 12.2 11.6 10.7 6.5 8.3 11.1 8.37 12.8 15.1
 Household wealth index
  Poorest 20.6 31.9 37.1 34.9 46.4 39.4 19.9 23.3 12.3 7.8 5.3 6.0 18.0 7.1 0.4 9.9 4.8 2.2
  Poorer 27.2 32.7 31.1 24.3 24.2 27.4 18.5 24.5 22.6 11.7 10.7 12.7 15.4 16.3 10.7 6.5 11.1 7.6
  Middle 22.8 17.8 15.1 20.2 16.3 15.5 26.9 24.9 32.3 14.3 25.0 23.5 16.8 22.5 27.0 6.9 13.3 12.5
  Richer 19.5 11.2 10.6 15.4 10.0 11.3 22.4 15.3 19.8 12.9 31.0 28.0 24.8 28.1 31.7 18.4 25.2 28
  Richest 9.72 6.2 5.9 5.1 2.9 6.2 12.1 11.8 12.9 53.1 27.8 29.0 24.8 25.9 30.1 58.1 45.5 49.7
 Type of residence
  Urban 25.3 18.2 23.6 25.2 26.2 25.4 21.4 25.2 22.7 49.3 46.1 69.9 25.3 27.6 35.2 69.1 55.8 72.1
  Rural 74.6 81.7 76.3 74.7 73.8 74.5 78.5 74.7 77.2 50.6 53.8 30.0 74.6 72.3 64.7 30.8 44.1 27.8
  1. aUnweighted N’s and weighted percentages and means are reported. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding