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Table 2 Odds ratios of variables associated with good self-perceived health for Canadians aged 40–46 and 65+ using multivariate logistic regressions

From: Determinants of self-perceived health for Canadians aged 40 and older and policy implications

Variables AGE 40–64 AGE 65+
Good Health (1) vs. Less than good (0) OR P OR P
Sex
 Female 1.27 (1.08–1.50) 0.001 1.37 (1.12–1.66) 0.001
Physiological conditions
 Has Asthma
  No 1.43 (1.16–1.76) 0.001 1.81 (1.56–2.52) 0.000
 Has Arthritis
  No 2.93 (2.42–3.55) 0.000 1.99 (1.73–2.28) 0.000
 Has Hypertension
  No 1.59 (1.32–1.91) 0.000 1.38 (1.20–1.59) 0.000
 Has Diabetes
  No 4.14 (3.19–5.35) 0.000 2.31 (1.83–2.61) 0.000
 Has Heart disease
  No 4.71 (3.22–6.28) 0.000 2.85 (2.10–2.97) 0.000
 Has Cancer
  No 4.98 (3.5–7.1) 0.000 3.18 (1.81–3.30) 0.000
 Has Anxiety disorder
  No 2.8 (2.19–3.65) 0.000 2.02 (1.50–2.71) 0.000
Social determinants
  Level of Education
   Less than secondary 1   1  
   Secondary Grad 1.45 (1.08–1.95) 0.01 1.84 (1.47–2.30) 0.000
   Other post secondary 1.37 (0.98–1.90) 0.05 1.72 (1.24–2.37) 0.001
   Post secondary grad 2.07 (1.65–2.60) 0.00 1.79 (1.51–2.11) 0.000
Total household Income
 <$20,000 1   1  
 $20,000–$39,999 2.26 (1.69–3.03) 0.000 1.17 (0.95–1.44) 0.13
 $40,000–$59,999 2.73 (1.98–3.76) 0.000 1.52 (1.18–1.95) 0.001
 $60,000–$79,999 3.97 (2.83–5.55) 0.000 1.78 (1.28–2.46) 0.001
 $80,000 or more 4.65 (3.23–6.05) 0.000 1.94 (1.37–2.67) 0.000
Psychological determinants
 Perceived Life Stress
  Quite a bit 1   1  
  Not at all 2.78 (2.25–4.05) 0.000 3.83 (3.02–4.92) 0.000
  Not stressful 2.11 (1.59–2.82) 0.000 2.97 (2.35–3.74) 0.000
  A bit stressful 1.51 (1.21–1.89) 0.000 2.04 (1.63–2.56) 0.000
  Extremely stressful 0.64 (0.47–0.86) 0.004 0.51 (0.31–0.83) 0.007