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Table 1 Descriptive and univariate analyses of self-perceived health and explanatory variables

From: Determinants of self-perceived health for Canadians aged 40 and older and policy implications

Characteristics Total (%) GOOD
HEALTH=1
N (%)
LESS THAN GOOD HEALTH=0
N (%)
UNI OR P value Total
(%)
GOOD HEALTH=1
N (%)
LESS THAN GOOD HEALTH=0
N (%)
UNI OR P value
  AGE 40–64 AGE 65 +
Sex
 Male 49.88 10,342 (43.17) 1620 (6.76)    45.21 5386 (34.21) 1731 (11)   
 Female 50.12 10,471 (43.71) 1524 (6.36) 1.07 (0.92–1.24) 0.32 54.79 6520 (41.42) 2105 (13.37) 0.99 (0.88–1.12) 0.94
Physiological conditions
 Has Asthma
  No 92.07 19,413 (81.04) 2642 (11.03) 2.01 (1.42–2.85) 0.000 92.91 11,233 (71.3) 3398 (21.5) 1.76 (0.39–2.24) 0.000
  Yes 7.82 1386 (5.79) 487 (2.03)    7 669 (4.26) 429 (2.7)   
 Has Arthritis
  No 81.57 17,760 (74.1) 1795 (7.50) 3.6 (2.91–4.51) 0.000 42.8 7423 (47.1) 1528 (9.7) 2.15 (1.85–2.50) 0.000
  Yes 18.25 3038 (12.64) 1329 (5.55)    56.8 4447 (28.2) 2289 (14.5)   
 Has Hypertension
  No 79.21 17,097 (71.37) 1898 (7.93) 2.4 (1.81–3.33) 0.000 52.1 6676 (42.4) 1536 (9.7) 1.70 (1.47–1.96) 0.000
  Yes 20.56 3682 (15.37) 1224 (5.11)    47.6 5210 (3.1) 2285 (14.5)   
 Has Diabetes
  No 92.53 19,744 (82.42) 2424 (10.12) 5.06 (4.12–6.23) 0.000 82.2 10,248 (65.1) 2700 (17.1) 2.49 (2.13–2.91) 0.000
  Yes 7.42 1061 (4.43) 715 (2.99)    17.7 1653 (10.5) 1132 (7.19)   
 Has Heart disease
  No 95.74 20,297 (84.73) 2639 (11.02) 5.19 (3.70–7.28) 0.000 80.5 10,145 (64.4) 2531 (16) 2.31 (1.89–2.83) 0.000
  Yes 4.13 499 (2.08) 489 (2.04)    19.1 1730 (10.9) 1279 (8.1)   
 Has Cancer
  No 98.01 20,546 (85.77) 2934 (12.25) 3.18 (1.90–5.31) 0.000 93.2 11,287 (71.7) 3386 (21.5) 1.75 (1.32–2.30) 0.000
  Yes 1.90 256 (1.07) 199 (0.83)    6.63 608 (3.8) 435 (2.7)   
 Has Anxiety disorder
  No 94.26 19,969 (83.36) 2612 (10.91) 3.4 (2.59–4.64) 0.000 95.6 11,559 (73.4) 3504 (22.2) 2.01 (1.35–2.99) 0.001
  Yes 5.61 828 (3.46) 516 (2.15)    4.12 330 (2.1) 318 (2.02)   
Social determinants
 Marital Status
  Married 56.03 4424 (48) 741 (8) 1.00   50.64 1576 (38.95) 463 (11.4) 1.00  
  Common-Law 7.99 628 (6.8) 101 (1.1) 1.03 (0.81–1.30) 0.79 2.60 66 (1.65) 38 (0.96) 0.89 (0.61–1.30) 0.55
  Widow/Sep/Div 19.24 1542 (14) 232 (2.5) 0.53 (0.45–0.64) 0.28 41 1261 (31.17) 398 (6.86) 0.73 (0.64–0.83) 0.49
  Single 16.34 1294 (14.05) 212 (2.31) 0.64 (0.53–0.77) 0.32 5.59 173 (4.28) 53 (1.32) 0.63 (0.16–0.64) 0.36
Level of Education
 Less than Secondary 11.2 1970 (11.2) 731 (3.06) 1.00   32.8 1443 (21.8) 1725 (10.9) 1.00  
 Secondary Grad 17.50 3611 (15.08) 585 (2.45) 2.28 (1.80–2.90) 0.00 15.3 1944 (12.3) 466 (2.9) 2.08 (1.68–2.59) 0.00
 Other post secondary 5.61 1121 (4.6) 222 (0.93) 1.87 (1.36–2.56) 0.00 5.76 709 (4.5) 199 (1.2) 1.78 (1.32–2.38) 0.00
 Post secondary grad 62.59 13,514 (56.14) 1488 (6.21) 3.37 (2.76–4.10) 0.00 41.7 5314 (33.7) 1256 (7.9) 2.11 (1.84–2.43) 0.00
Total household Income
 <$20,000 6.33 920 (3.8) 596 (2.49) 1.00   11.4 1194 (7.5) 602 (3.8) 1.00  
 $20,000-$39,999 11.21 2143 (8.9) 536 (2.24) 2.59 (2.05–3.27) 0.00 26.4 2988 (18.9) 1180 (7.5) 1.27 (1.07–1.52) 0.006
 $40,000-$59,999 13.93 2877 (12.01) 462 (1.93) 4.02 (3.04–5.33) 0.00 17.4 2192 (13.9) 562 (3.5) 1.96 (1.59–2.41) 0.00
 $60,000-$79,999 14.32 3095 (12.92) 338 (1.41) 5.92 (4.42–7.93) 0.00 8.8 1157 (7.3) 236 (1.5) 2.47 (1.85–3.28) 0.00
 $80,000 or more 39.32 8728 (36.4) 705 (2.95) 8.01 (6.19–10.3) 0.00 12.55 1641 (10.4) 331 (2.1) 2.49 (1.88–3.30) 0.00
Psychological determinants
 Perceived Life Stress
  Quite a bit stressful 23.12 4578 (19.11) 965 (4.03) 1.00   9.29 868 (5.5) 692 (4.4) 1.00  
  Not at all stressful 10 2231 (9.31) 180 (0.75) 2.61 (2.03–3.35) 0.00 25.9 3435 (21.8) 651 (4.1) 4.20 (3.39–5.22) 0.00
  Not very stressful 19.7 4300 (17.95) 433 (1.81) 2.09 (1.65–2.64) 0.00 30.3 3867 (24.5) 902 (5.7) 3.41 (2.79–4.18) 0.00
  A bit stressful 41.9 8863 (37) 1182 (4.94) 1.58 (1.30–1.91) 0.00 31.3 3553 (22.5) 1353 (8.6) 2.09 (1.71–2.55) 0.00
  Extremely stressful 4.85 796 (3.33) 364 (1.52) 0.46 (0.34–0.61) 0.00 2.02 117 (0.75) 201 (1.2) 0.46 (0.30–0.69) 0.00