Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with institutionalization willingness among single female seniors in rural Shandong, China, 2012 (n = 312)

From: Gender difference in utilization willingness of institutional care among the single seniors: evidence from rural Shandong, China

Characteristics Willingness for institutionalization ORc (95% CI) p ORa (95%CI) p
  Yes (%) No (%)     
n = 312 11(3.5) 301(96.5)     
Age      NA  
 60- 5(3.8) 125(96.2) 1.0    
 70- 6(4.3) 132(95.7) 1.14(0.34-3.82) 0.836   
 80- 0(0.0) 44(100.0) 0.000(0.000) 0.998   
Education      NA  
 Illiteracy or semiliterate 9(3.4) 255(96.6) 1.0    
 Primary school 2(5.6) 34(94.4) 1.67(0.35-8.04) 0.525   
 Junior school or above 0(0.0) 12(100.0) 0.000(0.000) 0.999   
Past occupation      NA  
 Farmer 11(3.7) 286(96.3) 1.0    
 Others 0(0.0) 15(100.0) 0.000(0.000) 0.999   
Living arrangements       
Alone 10(11.6) 76(88.4) 1.0   1.0  
 With children or others 1(0.4) 225(99.6) 0.03(0.00-0.27) 0.001   0.002
Number of children      NA  
  ≤ 3 7(4.2) 161(95.8) 1.0    
  > 3 4(2.8) 140(97.2) 0.66(0.19-2.30) 0.510   
Relationship with children       
 Good 5(1.8) 271(98.2) 1.0   1.0  
 Normal or bad 6(16.7) 30(83.3) 10.84(3.12-37.66) 0.000 4.49(0.92-20.35) 0.051
Social support 11(3.5) 301(96.5) 0.91(0.83-1.01) 0.082 NA  
Self-reported health status      NA  
 Good 3(1.9) 155(98.1) 1.0    
 Normal or bad 8(5.2) 146(94.8) 2.83(0.74-10.88) 0.130   
Psychological stress 11(3.5) 301(96.5) 1.15(1.06-1.24) 0.001 1.14(1.03-1.27) 0.013
ADLa       
 I 2(1.4) 137(98.6) 1.0   1.0  
 II 7(7.1) 91(92.9) 5.27(1.07-25.93) 0.041 4.08(0.63-26.19) 0.139
 III 2(2.7) 73(97.3) 1.88(0.260-13.60) 0.533 0.57(0.05-5.90) 0.635
NCDb      NA  
 Yes 7(3.1) 218(96.9) 1.0    
 NO 4(4.6) 83(95.4) 1.50(0.43-5.26) 0.526   
Incomec      NA  
 Q1 9(6.3) 135(93.8) 1.0    
 Q2 2(2.8) 69(97.2) 0.44(0.09-2.07) 0.295   
 Q3 0(0.0) 66(100.0) 0.000(0.000) 0.997   
 Q4 0(0.0) 31(100.0) 0.000(0.000) 0.998   
Per-capita living space 11(3.5) 301(96.5) 1.02(1.00-1.03) 0.020 1.00(0.98-1.03) 0.723
  1. ORc: crude odds ratio
  2. ORa : adjusted odds ratio
  3. aADL means activity of daily living
  4. bNCD means non-communicable chronic diseases
  5. cQuartile 1 (Q1) is the poorest and Quartile 4 (Q4) is the richest