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Table 2 Association of gender and willingness for institutionalization in single seniors in rural Shandong, China,2012

From: Gender difference in utilization willingness of institutional care among the single seniors: evidence from rural Shandong, China

Characteristics Model 1 (No covariates) Model 2 (Covariates)
  OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Gender
 Male 1.0   1.0  
 Female 0.36(0.16-0.77) 0.009 0.19(0.06-0.57) 0.003
Age     
 60-    1.0  
 70-    0.53(0.19-1.43) 0.208
 80-    0.000(0.000) 0.996
Education     
 Illiteracy or semiliterate    1.0  
 Primary school    0.77(0.27-2.23) 0.628
 Junior school or above    0.08(0.01-1.07) 0.056
Past occupation     
 Farmer    1.0  
 Others    0.42(0.07-2.65) 0.354
Living arrangements     
 Along    1.0  
 With children or others    0.13(0.03-0.52) 0.004
Number of children     
  ≤ 3    1.0  
  > 3    0.67(0.21-2.12) 0.495
Relationship with children     
 Good    1.0  
 Normal or bad    1.96(0.68-5.67) 0.214
Social support    1.02(0.94-1.10) 0.643
Self-reported health status     
 Good    1.0  
 Normal or bad    1.26(0.41-3.86) 0.693
Psychological stress    1.10(1.03-1.18) 0.005
ADLa     
 I    1.0  
 II    2.27(0.80-6.41) 0.123
 III    0.59(0.15-2.36) 0.457
NCDb     
 Yes    1.0  
 NO    1.22(0.40-3.75) 0.724
Incomec     
 Q1a    1.0  
 Q2    0.79(0.24-2.57) 0.692
 Q3    0.27(0.03-2.51) 0.248
 Q4    1.77(0.16-19.24) 0.641
Per-capita living space    1.00(0.98-1.02) 0.983
  1. Model 1, Model 2: Association of gender differences and willingness for institutionalization in single seniors in rural Shandong, China (n = 505)
  2. aADL means activity of daily living
  3. bNCD means non-communicable chronic diseases
  4. cQuartile 1 (Q1) is the poorest and Quartile 4 (Q4) is the richest