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Table 4 Contribution of different variables to the development of inequalities in neonatal and postneonatal mortality in rural areas of Iran between 1998 and 2013

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in neonatal and postneonatal mortality: Evidence from rural Iran, 1998–2013

Study variable Neonatal Mortality Rate Postneonatal Mortality Rate
1998–2001 2002–2005 2006–2009 2010–2013 1998–2001 2002–2005 2006–2009 2010–2013
Births with low birth weight −6.671 −3.597 −2.114 −3.506 −2.206 −3.762 −1.964 −4.414
Births in hospital 10.867 12.138 4.792 0.640 45.605 47.819 18.478 40.499
Mean age of mothers −1.474 0.258 −0.083 −0.008 4.516 2.149 1.586 0.758
Household with insurance coverage 1.853 0.697 −0.071 −0.215 −5.420 −9.686 −0.061 −0.649
Household with men as the household head 0.373 −0.200 −1.113 0.768 −0.066 2.000 0.817 6.736
Literate women at reproductive age, 15–49 15.228 4.408 3.984 4.873 13.069 26.202 32.235 40.395
Province
Alborz −0.025 −0.094 −0.162 0.035 −0.046 0.101 −0.466 −0.054
Ardebil 1.505 3.851 4.434 3.065 0.783 2.950 4.245 1.881
Bushehr 1.633 0.649 0.642 1.626 −0.097 −0.146 0.158 1.028
ChaharMahal & Bakhtiari 3.108 2.826 3.883 3.213 1.710 0.447 0.648 −2.267
East Azarbaijan 4.553 4.238 3.315 2.815 2.746 4.480 2.341 −0.452
Fars 4.011 3.177 4.272 4.178 0.972 0.571 2.740 −2.308
Ghazvin 1.543 1.133 0.944 0.978 1.714 0.530 −0.061 0.344
Gilan 4.458 4.259 3.585 3.292 −2.976 −6.330 −0.957 −4.129
Golestan 2.033 4.294 5.45 3.193 1.672 4.793 5.882 −1.441
Hamedan 5.904 9.076 5.138 6.191 5.673 6.742 1.209 −4.063
Hormozgan 1.950 1.448 3.019 7.142 0.294 −2.043 0.782 5.249
Ilam 1.354 0.794 2.451 1.310 0.158 0.125 1.380 0.556
Isfahan 0.735 0.215 −0.690 0.146 0.574 0.036 −0.901 0.252
Kerman 1.339 0.967 2.718 3.561 0.960 −0.647 1.520 4.083
Kermanshah 4.483 2.567 3.405 5.623 2.255 0.866 1.831 6.645
Khuzestan 3.489 3.913 6.914 7.225 3.856 3.768 3.666 10.357
Kohgilooye & Boyerahmad 3.478 2.487 3.027 2.914 1.376 −0.793 2.918 1.184
Kurdistan 6.664 6.892 5.407 4.795 1.615 −4.279 −1.724 −1.428
Lorestan 5.700 8.958 5.617 6.212 1.453 0.969 2.425 −8.039
Markazi 1.410 0.963 1.121 1.295 0.267 1.322 1.044 0.257
Mazandaran 0.713 −0.200 −0.986 0.305 −0.500 0.336 0.034 −1.440
North Khorasan 1.887 2.319 5.464 3.408 2.374 3.970 6.288 9.284
Qom 0.205 0.249 0.499 0.206 −0.017 −0.171 0.043 −1.069
Razavi Khorasan 8.483 6.609 7.047 5.669 11.154 7.695 4.902 6.458
Semnan 0.473 0.420 0.203 0.596 0.367 0.572 0.313 0.935
Sistan & Baluchestan 1.306 2.872 5.365 7.066 4.665 6.105 4.930 4.846
South Khorasan 2.223 0.273 1.655 1.838 1.182 0.328 1.578 4.691
West Azarbaijan 4.722 7.902 6.475 6.914 0.579 1.190 −0.699 −15.05
Yazd 0.005 −0.011 0.073 0.144 0.004 −0.009 0.162 0.369
Zanjan 0.480 3.250 4.322 2.491 −0.263 1.800 2.677 −0.002
  1. Values are shown as percentages