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Table 1 Average levels of neonatal and postneonatal mortality rates and the covariates

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in neonatal and postneonatal mortality: Evidence from rural Iran, 1998–2013

Variables 1998–2001 2002–2005 2006–2009 2010–2013
Mean S.E Mean S.E Mean S.E Mean S.E
Neonatal mortality rate 17.62 0.19 15.84 0.17 13.12 0.16 10.92 0.13
Postneonatal mortality rate 8.11 0.13 6.87 0.11 5.99 0.09 5.14 0.08
Percent of births with low birth weight 4.25 0.05 4.81 0.05 5.40 0.06 5.98 0.08
Percent of births happened in hospital 79.15 0.61 88.63 0.42 95.36 0.25 98.07 0.14
Mean age of mothers 26.10 0.03 26.26 0.02 26.58 0.02 26.96 0.02
Percent of households covered with insurance 29.84 0.66 29.75 0.62 81.35 0.62 90.04 0.39
Percent of households with men as the head 94.63 0.14 94.67 0.13 93.25 0.14 91.76 0.15
Percent of literate women (at reproductive age, 15–49) 66.88 0.51 74.58 0.46 79.22 0.36 82.01 0.33
  1. Neonatal and postneonatal mortality rates are shown as the number of reported deaths per 1,000 live births. The proportion of infants classified as having low birth weight, being born in hospitals, being covered by health insurance, households headed by men, and literate women of reproductive age are shown as percentages. S.E: standard error of the mean