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Table 3 Nutritional deficiencies in homeless problem-drinkers reported in the included studies

From: Nutritional deficiencies in homeless persons with problematic drinking: a systematic review

Study Number Deficient proportion (%) of the participants Deficiency levels - Mean ± SD (range)
B1 B 2 B6 B9 B12 C A E Hb Albumin B1 B 2 μ/hr B6 B9 B12 C μmol/L A μmol/L E μmol/L Hb g/dL Albumin g/L
Figueroa 1953 [17] 24 0 18 . . . . . . 9.2 . 2.9 μ/hr 70 . . . . . . 15.2 .
Darnton-Hill 1986 [13] 39 45 . 20 31 0 29 . . . 26 TPP 15.3 ± 10.5 . P5P57.0 ± 26.6 3.6 ± 4.0 ng/ml 341 ± 203 ng/ml 34.9 ± 16.2 . . . .
van der Westhuyzen 1987 [22] 49 51.2 . 7.3 4.1 0 . . . . 0 51.5 ± 11.0 μg/L . 61.9 ± 25.1 nmol/L 4.3 ± 1.8 (R 1.0–9.0) ng/ml 0.648 ± 0.235 ng/ml . . . . 38.9 ± 2.5
Drijver 1993 [16] 10 . . . . . . . . . . TDP 18 . PLP 34.2 nmol/L . TK 9.6 μ/mmolHb . . . . .
Kertesz 2001 [24] 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 ± 2.5
Malmauret 2002 [21] 71 5.6 . 5.6 0 14.1 95 43.6 19.7 . . 58 ± 104 μmol/L . 152 ± 143 nmol/L 12.7 ± 7.3 nmol/L 385 ± 225 pmol/L 16 ± 8 1.88 ± 0.95 22 ± 7 . .
Fung 2005 [23] 1 . . . . . . . . 100 . . .   .   . . . 10.8 28
Kubisova 2008 [18] 201 . . . . . . . . . 2 . .   .   . . . 14 ± 0.1 (M); 12.1 ± 0.2 (F) 42 ± 4
Lee 2014 [20] 217 2.3 . 23.5 . 2.3 84.3 . . . . 145.8 (108.5–197.7) nmol/L . 34.2 (20.5–65.45) nmol/L . 0.617 (0.458–0.918) ng/ml 11.60 (3.65–21.55) . . 14 IQR (12.4–15.3) .
  1. A Retinol/beta carotene, B1 thiamine, B2 riboflavin, B3 niacin, B5 pantothenic acid, B6 pyridoxine, B7 biotin, B9 folic acid, B12 cobalamins, C ascorbic acid, D ergo/cholecalciferol, E tocopherols, Hb haemoglobin, HPLC high performance liquid chromatography, F female, IQR interquartile range, M male, N number of participants, NR not reported, P5P pyridoxal 5 phosphate effect, PLP pyridoxal 5 phosphate effect, R range, TDP thiamine diphosphate, TK transketolase activity, TPP thiamine pyrophosphate effect