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Table 1 Key characteristics of included studies

From: Nutritional deficiencies in homeless persons with problematic drinking: a systematic review

First author Publication year Year of data collection Country Study design Source population Sample analysed Type of homelessness Problem-drinkers % in the sample Ethnicity Gender M% Age years mean (range)
Figueroa 1953 1949 USA Survey Alcoholic homeless men in a Chicago prison 24 Rough sleepers 100% 8.3% Black 100% 45 (20–60+)
Darnton-Hill 1986 1981–86 Australia Survey Men from two Sydney hostels and one clinic for homeless 39a Hostel 70% NR 100% 51.5 (26–76)
van der Westhuyzen 1987 NR South Africa Comparative survey Men from 24 homeless hostels in Pretoria 49 Hostel 100% Black 100% 38 (22–65)
Drijver 1993 NR Netherlands Intervention study Rotterdam homeless houses 10 Hostel 100% NR 90% 48 (38–64)
Kertesz 2001 1998 USA Case report NR 2 Rough sleepers 100% one black person, other NR 100% (55–58)
Malmauret 2002 1999–2000 France Survey Adult rough sleepers in Paris 71 Rough sleepers 84% NR 88.5% 48 (26–76)
Fung 2005 NR Australia Case report A homeless person seeking medical help 1 Rough sleeper 100% NR 100% 44
Kubisova 2008 2003 Czech Republic Survey homeless people on streets in Prague 201 Rough sleepers; hostel Likely > 50% NR 87% M 41 (19–70)
Lee 2014 2013 South Korea Retrospective survey homeless visiting emergency department 217 NR 100% NR 96% M 51 (44–56)
  1. NR not reported, M male
  2. aRefers to the subgroup (of total 107 men) that were not taking vitamin supplements