Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Adjusted logistic regression result on the association of predictor and outcome variables

From: Inequalities in health care utilization for common childhood illnesses in Ethiopia: evidence from the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey

Predictor variable OR(95%CI)
Diarrhea treatment Cough treatment Fever treatment
Household wealth index
 Poorest 1 1 1
 Poorer 1.24 [0.88–1.73] 1.27 [0.91–1.76] 1.25 [0.92–1.71]
 Middle 1.84 [1.33–2.56]** 1.45 [1.06–2.0]* 1.47 [1.07–2.01]*
 Richer 1.78 [1.27–2.48]** 1.78 [1.28–2.47]** 1.83 [1.33–2.52]**
 Richest 1.84 [1.11–3.05]* 2.46 [1.56–3.89]** 2.46 [1.57–3.86]**
Maternal highest education
 No education 1 1 1
 Primary education 1.13 [0.87–1.47] 1.08 [0.84–1.40] 1.02 [0.79–1.32]
 Secondary education 2.05 [1.02–4.12]* 1.03 [0.56–1.87] 1.14 [0.62–2.1]
 Higher education 4.60 [1.29–9.03]* 1.59 [0.63–4.01] 2.35 [0.8–6.87]
Husband’s highest education
 No education 1 1 1
 Primary education 1.05 [0.82–1.33] 1.06 [0.83–1.34] 1.16 [0.92–1.47]
 Secondary education 1.26 [0.78–2.04] 1.35 [0.89–2.07] 1.82 [1.19–2.78]*
 Higher education 1.5 [0.47–2.22]* 1.31 [0.68–2.53] 1.34 [0.71–2.55]
Household religion
 Orthodox   1 1
 Protestant   1.87 [1.39–2.51]** 1.78 [1.32–2.38]**
 Muslim   1.44 [1.13–1.84]** 1.48 [1.15–1.90]**
 Other   1.33 [0.48–3.71] 1.06 [0.43–2.6]
Maternal age
 15–19 1 1 1
 20–24 0.99 [0.58–1.69] 0.69 [0.42–1.12] 0.95 [0.59–1.51]
 25–29 1.09 [0.62–1.92] 0.66 [0.4–1.11] 1.00 [0.61–1.65]
 30–34 1.21 [0.65–2.25] 0.85 [0.47–1.51] 1.04 [0.6–1.82]
 35–39 0.52 [0.27–1.02] 0.47 [0.25–0.88]* 0.76 [0.42–1.38]
 40–44 0.89 [0.42–1.88] 0.75 [0.37–1.52] 1.32 [0.68–2.55]
 45–49 0.39 [0.12–1.25] 0.54 [0.2–1.48] 0.74 [0.3–1.8]
Number of household
 Less than 6 1 1 1
 6 and above 1.09 [0.84–1.43] 0.81 [0.63–1.04] 0.87 [0.69–1.11]
Number of under-5 member’s
 Less than 3 1   
 3 & above 0.87 [0.64–1.18]   
Child birth-order
 First 1 1 1
 Second 0.85 [0.58–1.24] 0.92 [0.65–1.28] 0.69 [0.49–0.98]*
 Third 0.73 [0.47–1.12] 1.21 [0.82–1.78] 0.72 [0.49–1.06]
 Fourth & above 0.80 [0.52–1.22] 0.93 [0.63–1.39] 0.68 [0.46–1.01]
Wanted last child
 Wanted no more 1 1 1
 Wanted then 1.40 [0.95–2.07] 1.33 [0.9–1.98] 1.40 [0.96–2.03]
 Wanted later 1.25 [0.8–1.96] 1.13 [0.73–1.76] 1.28 [0.84–1.96]
Child-age
  < 6 month 1 1 1
 6 month–11 month 2.09 [1.273.43]** 1.83 [1.2–2.79]* 1.72 [1.1–2.69]*
 12 month–23 month 2.23 [1.40–3.55]** 1.52 [1.02–2.28]* 1.73 [1.14–2.61]*
 24 month–35 month 2.04 [1.26–3.32]** 1.48 [0.99–2.23] 1.90 [1.24–2.91]**
 36 month–47 month 2.37 [1.43–3.93]** 1.20 [0.79–1.92] 1.32 [0.85–2.05]
 48 month–59 month 1.57 [0.9–2.77] 1.25 [0.08–1.92] 1.49 [0.95–2.34]
Household has radio
 Yes 1 1 1
 No 0.93 [0.73–1.18] 1.02 [0.81–1.29] 1.03 [0.82–1.29]
Household has TV
 No 1 1 1
 Yes 0.99 [0.62–1.59] 1.92 [1.30–2.82]** 1.27 [0.85–1.9]
Females workload inside and outside
 Big problem 1   1
 Not a big problem 1.24 [0.98–1.58]   1.26 [1.01–1.57]*
Place of residence
 Urban 1 1 1
 Rural 0.69 [0.45–1.05] 0.97 [0.65–1.44] 0.80 [0.54–1.17]
  1. *p-value < 0.05
  2. ** p-value < 0.01