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Table 2 Mixed logistic estimations of children mental health

From: Influence maternal background has on children’s mental health

  Emotional symptoms Behaviour problems Hyperactivity Peer problems Antisocial behaviour
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Health variables
 SRH (very good and good)
  Fair, bad and very bad SRH 0.92 (0.74–1.14) 0.94 (0.79–1.14) 1.10 (0.92–1.32) 1.07 (0.86–1.34) 0.83 (0.59–1.16)
 Depression 1.20* (0.92–1.57) 1.25* (0.99–1.59) 1.14 (0.90–1.45) 1.18 (0.88–1.57) 0.63* (0.39–1.04)
 Tranquilizer prescription(s) 1.18 (0.86–1.62) 0.95 (0.72–1.27) 0.88 (0.66–1.17) 1.04 (0.75–1.46) 1.25 (0.75–2.10)
 Antidepressant prescription(s) 1.23 (0.83–1.82) 0.99 (0.69–1.42) 0.99 (0.69–1.42) 1.41* (0.93–2.12) 1.28 (0.63–2.60)
 Mental health index 1.16** (1.12–1.20) 1.09** (1.06–1.13) 1.07** (1.04–1.11) 1.08** (1.04–1.12) 0.96 (0.90–1.03)
 Smoker (yes)
  Yes, occasionally 1.10 (0.68–1.79) 0.90 (0.59–1.37) 0.56** (0.36–0.88) 1.25 (0.76–2.05) 0.83 (0.38–1.80)
  In the past 0.83* (0.65–1.07) 0.80** (0.65–0.99) 0.85* (0.69–1.04) 0.96 (0.74–1.26) 1.02 (0.70–1.50)
  No 0.79** (0.64–0.96) 0.65** (0.55–0.77) 0.75** (0.64–0.89) 0.83* (0.67–1.03) 1.11 (0.83–1.50)
 Sleep (<=8 h) 1.11 (0.81–1.51) 1.08 (0.83–1.40) 0.99 (0.76–1.29) 1.04 (0.75–1.45) 0.51** (0.29–0.91)
 Physical activity (sitting)
  Standing 1.33** (1.05–1.68) 0.98 (0.81–1.20) 1.13 (0.93–1.36) 0.99 (0.78–1.28) 1.13 (0.80–1.60)
  Walking and carrying 1.26* (0.92–1.73) 0.95 (0.73–1.24) 1.16 (0.89–1.51) 1.41** (1.02–1.94) 1.05 (0.65–1.71)
  Heavy tasks 1.51 (0.80–2.87) 1.79** (1.04–3.07) 0.99 (0.56–1.73) 1.68* (0.89–3.18) 0.49 (0.11–2.16)
 BMI (under and normal weight)
  Overweight 1.05 (0.83–1.33) 0.81** (0.66–0.99) 0.73** (0.60–0.89) 0.95 (0.74–1.22) 1.08 (0.76–1.55)
  Obese 0.83 (0.60–1.18) 0.71** (0.53–0.95) 0.75* (0.56–1.00) 1.11 (0.78–1.57) 1.41 (0.84–2.38)
 Weight perception (much more than normal)
  More than normal 0.90 (0.64–1.27) 0.85 (0.63–1.14) 0.91 (0.68–1.21) 0.90 (0.63–1.29) 1.22 (0.69–2.15)
  Normal 0.72* (0.50–1.04) 0.69** (0.50–0.95) 0.69** (0.50–0.95) 0.86 (0.58–1.26) 1.52* (0.83–2.79)
  Less than normal 0.75 (0.44–1.27) 0.79 (0.50–1.25) 0.97 (0.62–1.52) 0.99 (0.57–1.73) 1.95* (0.84–4.50)
Socioeconomic determinants
 Age (15–35 years old)
  36–45 years old 0.91 (0.72–1.15) 1.01 (0.83–1.23) 0.76** (0.63–0.93) 0.89 (0.70–1.13) 1.15 (0.81–1.63)
  46–55 years old 0.93 (0.67–1.29) 0.87 (0.66–1.15) 0.79* (0.60–1.03) 0.98 (0.70–1.38) 0.88 (0.53–1.46)
  56–65 years old 1.31 (0.20–8.69) 0.85 (0.16–4.62) 0.30 (0.03–2.53) 2.46 (0.44–1.38) 1.12 (0.11–15.81)
  66–75 years old 0.03 (2.4e-6–436) 0.02 (2.5e-6–183) 0.03 (2.4e-6–482) 0.16 (1.2e-6–2.1e4) 39.98 (0.01–118530)
   > 75 years old 0.19 (9.9e-7–3.65e4) 0.11 (1.7e-6–7129) 0.17 (1.2e-6–2.3e4) 0.19 (1.0e-7–3.3e4) 0.92 (5.9e-9–1.4e08)
 Nationality (Spanish)
  Foreign 0.84 (0.60–1.17) 0.82* (0.62–1.09) 0.81* (0.61–1.07) 1.70** (1.25–2.32) 0.80 (0.48–1.33)
  Foreign and Spanish 1.00 (0.51–1.96) 0.57* (0.30–1.10) 0.81 (0.44–1.49) 1.01 (0.50–2.04) 1.20 (0.43–3.37)
 Marital status (single)
  Married 0.81 (0.59–1.12) 0.83* (0.63–1.09) 0.79* (0.60–1.04) 0.69** (0.50–0.95) 0.98 (0.57–1.68)
  Widowed 0.69 (0.33–1.43) 0.74 (0.39–1.41) 0.37** (0.18–0.75) 0.93 (0.45–1.91) 0.80 (0.16–3.94)
  Separated 0.84 (0.52–1.33) 0.88 (0.59–1.32) 0.87 (0.58–1.31) 0.81 (0.50–1.31) 1.21 (0.54–2.70)
  Divorced 0.68* (0.42–1.08) 0.95 (0.64–1.41) 1.02 (0.69–1.51) 0.82 (0.52–1.31) 2.21** (1.04–4.72)
 Social class (Class I, II)
  Class III 1.02 (0.73–1.42) 1.09 (0.83–1.43) 1.24* (0.95–1.62) 0.75* (0.53–1.05) 1.78** (1.15–2.74)
  Class IV, V, VI 1.24 (0.91–1.69) 1.29** (1.00–1.66) 1.58** (1.23–2.02) 1.01 (0.74–1.37) 1.73** (1.13–2.63)
 Education (none)
  Primary 0.62* (0.38–1.02) 0.77 (0.49–1.20) 0.69* (0.44–1.07) 0.69* (0.42–1.14) 0.66 (0.33–1.31)
  Secondary 0.67* (0.39–1.13) 0.62* (0.40–1.03) 0.67* (0.42–1.06) 0.69* (0.40–1.17) 0.87 (0.42–1.80)
  Tertiary 0.59* (0.34–1.03) 0.53** (0.32–0.86) 0.58** (0.36–0.95) 0.75 (0.43–1.31) 1.02 (0.48–2.17)
 Current activity (working)
  Retired 0.38* (0.13–1.12) 1.10 (0.50–2.44) 0.98 (0.42–2.24) 0.39* (0.12–1.27) 0.02 (1.4e-5–22.64)
  Studying 1.17 (0.38–3.63) 0.73 (0.26–2.05) 2.27* (0.84–6.15) 0.70 (0.22–2.31) 0.02 (2.8e-6–161.3)
  Homemaker 0.76** (0.58–0.99) 0.75** (0.60–0.94) 0.76** (0.61–0.95) 1.04 (0.79–1.36) 1.11 (0.78–1.57)
  Unemployed short-term 0.95 (0.60–1.48) 0.88 (0.59–1.30) 1.27 (0.87–1.85) 0.94 (0.58–1.52) 0.99 (0.51–1.93)
  Unemployed long-term 0.91 (0.54–1.53) 0.69* (0.44–1.09) 0.78 (0.51–1.20) 0.89 (0.52–1.52) 0.77 (0.36–1.65)
 Person of reference 1.26* (0.99–1.60) 1.08 (0.88–1.33) 1.15* (0.94–1.41) 1.37** (1.07–1.76) 0.95 (0.66–1.36)
Household characteristics
 Number of minors in the household (<3)
  Three 0.83 (0.57–1.22) 1.16 (0.86–1.57) 0.98 (0.72–1.34) 0.94 (0.64–1.37) 1.64** (1.02–2.63)
  More than three 1.21 (0.52–2.80) 1.58* (0.79–3.19) 1.51 (0.75–3.02) 1.00 (0.42–2.38) 0.60 (0.13–2.75)
 Number of adults in the household
  Single parent 0.99 (0.69–1.42) 1.04 (0.76–1.42) 0.93 (0.68–1.27) 0.70* (0.48–1.01) 0.51** (0.27–0.98)
  Between 3 and 4 0.99 (0.80–1.24) 1.00 (0.83–1.21) 1.13* (0.94–1.36) 1.11 (0.88–1.39) 1.42** (1.04–1.94)
  More than 4 0.90 (0.44–1.84) 1.02 (0.57–1.83) 1.09 (0.61–1.93) 1.16 (0.60–2.24) 1.03 (0.40–2.67)
Interactions
 period*retired 4.94* (0.61–39.97) 0.99 (0.16–6.14) 1.20 (0.17–8.57) 0.03 (2.5e-6–258) 43.59 (0.01–1.3e5)
 period*studying 0.07 (2.2e-6–2.4e3) 0.05 (2.4e-6–877) 1.28 (0.06–25.99) 0.23 (7.8e-7–6.6e4) 0.99 (3.2e-9–3e8)
 period*homemaker 1.36 (0.85–2.12) 1.25 (0.84–1.86) 2.03** (1.37–3.00) 0.90 (0.53–1.52) 1.26 (0.55–2.89)
 period*unempl short-term 1.11 (0.56–2.18) 0.95 (0.53–1.73) 0.84 (0.47–1.49) 2.00** (1.00–4.00) 2.23* (0.72–6.91)
 period*unempl long-term 0.91 (0.44–1.88) 1.74* (0.95–3.19) 1.67* (0.92–3.01) 1.64* (0.78–3.44) 2.27* (0.69–7.53)
 period*Class III 0.89 (0.49–1.62) 0.83 (0.50–1.38) 0.82 (0.50–1.34) 1.26 (0.65–2.43) 0.43* (0.15–1.22)
 period*Class IV,V,VI 0.70* (0.41–1.20) 0.79 (0.50–1.24) 0.68* (0.44–1.06) 0.87 (0.48–1.56) 0.31** (0.12–0.79)
 period*primary 1.23 (0.38–3.97) 0.85 (0.30–2.35) 1.51 (0.51–4.46) 0.73 (0.22–2.36) 0.20** (0.04–0.91)
 period*secondary 1.15 (0.35–3.84) 0.81 (0.29–2.31) 1.28 (0.43–3.87) 0.76 (0.23–2.56) 0.09** (0.02–0.48)
 period*tertiary 0.98 (0.28–3.40) 0.62 (0.21–1.83) 1.48 (0.48–4.56) 0.44 (0.13–1.57) 0.07** (0.01–0.40)
  1. *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05; The model is adjusted by all the covariates of the child and the explanatory variables