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Table 2 Odds ratios for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes versus no diabetes, by early life socioeconomic conditionsa

From: The association of early life socioeconomic conditions with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes: results from the Maastricht study

Early life
socioeconomic conditions
Prediabetes (n = 2357) Type 2 diabetes (n = 2770)
Adjusted for age and sex
Odds ratio (95% CI)
Adjusted for age, sex and current socioeconomic conditions
Odds ratio (95% CI)
Adjusted for age and sex
Odds ratio (95% CI)
Adjusted for age, sex and current socioeconomic conditions
Odds ratio (95% CI)
Model 1 High 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Medium 1.29 (1.00-1.66) 1.19 (0.92-1.55) 1.10 (0.89-1.36) 0.89 (0.71-1.11)
Low 1.56 (1.21-2.02) 1.38 (1.05-1.80) 1.61 (1.31-1.99) 1.10 (0.87-1.37)
Model 1, adjusted for BMI High 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Medium 1.19 (0.91-1.54) NAb NA NA
Low 1.35 (1.04-1.76) 1.26 (0.95-1.66) 1.31 (1.04-1.65) NA
Model 1, adjusted for physical activity High 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Medium 1.29 (1.00-1.67) NA NA NA
Low 1.55 (1.20-2.01) 1.37 (1.05-1.79) 1.61 (1.30-1.99) NA
Model 1, adjusted for smoking status High 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Medium 1.30 (1.00-1.68) NA NA NA
Low 1.57 (1.21-2.03) 1.39 (1.06-1.82) 1.62 (1.31-2.00) NA
Model 1, adjusted for alcohol use High 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Medium 1.29 (1.00-1.67) NA NA NA
Low 1.54 (1.19-1.99) 1.36 (1.04-1.79) 1.46 (1.17-1.82) NA
  1. aTotal n = 3263, consisting of no diabetes, n = 1864; prediabetes: n = 493; T2DM: n = 906. b NA not applicable