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Table 3 Decomposition of the concentration index of GP visits among young people in Northern Sweden

From: Equitable health services for the young? A decomposition of income-related inequalities in young adults’ utilization of health care in Northern Sweden

  Women Men Total
Coeff Elast CI Cont to C % Coeff Elast CI Cont to C % Coeff Elast CI Cont to C %
Sex
 Men                
 Women            0.105*** 0.650 −0.013 −0.009 9.0
Age
 16–18 years                
 19–22 years 0.026 0.039 0.104 0.004 −5.1 −0.029 −0.073 0.016 −0.001 1.1 0.000 0.000 0.066 0.000 0.0
 23–25 years 0.010 0.010 −0.306 −0.003 4.0 −0.037 −0.058 −0.079 0.005 −4.6 −0.014 −0.016 −0.215 0.003 −3.5
Self-rated health
 Very good                
 Good 0.122*** 0.214 0.012 0.003 −3.3 −0.021 −0.061 −0.020 0.001 −1.2 0.055* 0.115 −0.002 0.000 0.3
 Fair 0.226*** 0.133 −0.074 −0.010 12.5 −0.010 −0.007 −0.129 0.001 −0.9 0.120** 0.074 −0.098 −0.007 7.4
 Poor/Very poor 0.372*** 0.042 −0.081 −0.003 4.3 0.074 0.010 −0.143 −0.001 1.4 0.249** 0.029 −0.104 −0.003 3.2
Long term illness 0.134*** 0.566 −0.014 −0.008 9.7 0.130*** 0.913 −0.008 −0.007 6.9 0.135*** 0.687 −0.011 −0.008 7.9
Mental health −0.005* −0.405 −0.004 0.002 −2.2 0.007** 0.844 −0.012 −0.010 10.2 −0.001 −0.112 −0.009 0.001 −1.1
Health complaints 0.023*** 1.026 −0.016 −0.016 20.5 0.011* 0.774 −0.012 −0.009 9.0 0.019*** 1.014 −0.017 −0.017 17.2
Subtotal Need     −0.032 40.4     −0.022 22.0     −0.039 40.4
Household income
 Lowest quintile 0.066 0.043 −0.795 −0.034 43.5 0.054 0.060 −0.790 −0.048 47.3 0.046 0.036 −0.794 −0.028 29.2
 2 −0.040 −0.026 −0.397 0.010 −13.0 0.036 0.040 −0.394 −0.016 15.6 −0.042 −0.019 −0.483 0.009 −9.5
 3 −0.006 −0.004 0.000 0.000 0.0 −0.063 −0.069 0.001 0.000 0.1 0.004 0.002 −0.228 0.000 0.5
 4 −0.025 −0.016 0.397 −0.006 8.1 0.035 0.039 0.396 0.015 −15.3 −0.031 −0.024 0.106 −0.003 2.6
 Highest quintile                
Education level
 Low level                
 Medium/High level −0.052 −0.252 −0.053 0.013 −17.0 0.063* 0.521 −0.003 −0.002 1.6 −0.001 −0.003 −0.033 0.000 −0.1
Type of occupation
 Studying                
 Working 0.047 0.040 −0.127 −0.005 6.5 0.001 0.002 0.048 0.000 −0.1 0.033 0.035 −0.050 −0.002 1.8
 Unemployed −0.017 −0.005 −0.101 0.001 −0.7 0.006 0.004 −0.151 −0.001 0.6 −0.002 −0.001 −0.116 0.000 −0.1
 Other 0.019 0.007 −0.018 0.000 0.2 −0.068 −0.032 −0.116 0.004 −3.7 −0.010 −0.004 −0.057 0.000 −0.2
Place of birth
 Sweden                
 Other country −0.092 −0.315 −0.007 0.002 −3.0 −0.142* −0.852 −0.020 0.017 −17.3 −0.100* −0.419 −0.013 0.006 −5.7
Cash margin
 Yes                
 No 0.006 0.008 −0.053 0.000 0.5 −0.012 −0.022 −0.101 0.002 −2.2 −0.003 −0.004 −0.076 0.000 −0.3
Municipality size of residence
 > 50,000 habitants with hospital                
 10,000–50,000 habitants with hospital 0.018 0.011 0.017 0.000 −0.2 0.071 0.069 0.067 0.005 −4.6 0.035 0.025 0.037 0.001 −0.9
 10,000–50,000 habitants without hospital 0.046 0.025 −0.089 −0.002 2.8 0.110** 0.108 −0.008 −0.001 0.9 0.077** 0.052 −0.051 −0.003 2.7
 < 10,000 habitants without hospital −0.060 −0.077 0.029 −0.002 2.8 0.027 0.058 −0.017 −0.001 1.0 −0.024 −0.036 0.008 0.000 0.3
 Subtotal Non-Need     −0.024 30.5     −0.024 24.0     −0.020 20.3
Total     −0.056      −0.046      −0.059  
Residual     −0.023      −0.054      −0.038  
C     −0.079**      −0.101*      −0.097***  
HI     −0.047      −0.079      −0.058**  
  1. Coeff Marginal effects from the probit model, Elast elasticity, CI Concentration index of the social determinants, Cont to C Contribution to the overall concentration index, % unadjusted percentage calculated on the overall explained portion of the C
  2. * 0.01 ≤ p < 0.05; ** 0.001 ≤ p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001