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Table 3 Factors associated with OOPE among the households in Indian states (n = 100855)

From: Does equity in healthcare spending exist among Indian states? Explaining regional variations from national sample survey data

  Categories of states
  Category A Category B Category C All states
Explanatory variables β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI)
Muslims −0.040 (-0.169, -0.089) −0.021 (-0.071, -0.030) −0.220 (-0.289, -0.152)*** −0.101 (-0.155, -0.047)***
Scheduled Tribe (STs) −0.297 (-0.467, -0.127)*** −0.386 (-0.452, -0.319)*** −0.281 (-0.341, -0.221)*** −0.634 (-0.687, -0.581)***
Rural −0.024 (-0.064, -0.112) −0.001 (-0.040, -0.040) −0.158 (-0.226, -0.090)*** −0.102 (-0.139, -0.065)***
Lowest wealth Quintile −1.501 (-1.592, -1.410)*** −1.419 (-1.455, -1.382)*** −1.139 (-1.195, -1.083)*** −1.273 (-1.321, -1.225)***
  1. Source: compiled from NSS CES Report (2009–10); computed by author using the unit level data records of CES 2009–10
  2. *** Significant at 1% level