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Table 1 Characteristics of the survey sample (n = 11,576; un-weighted data)

From: The intergenerational production of depression in South Korea: results from a cross-sectional study

Variable Categories Men Women
n % n %
Age less than 40 1374 26.0 1430 22.7
40 to 59 2095 39.6 2293 36.5
60 and older 1819 34.4 2565 40.8
Marital status married 4378 82.8 4294 68.3
widowed 151 2.9 1442 22.9
separated 52 1.0 82 1.3
divorced 218 4.1 268 4.3
single 489 9.3 202 3.2
Highest parental education did not complete elementary school 2280 43.1 2932 46.6
elementary school 1500 28.4 1617 25.7
middle school 585 11.1 709 11.3
high school 644 12.2 703 11.2
technical college 56 1.1 75 1.2
university 203 3.8 231 3.7
graduate school 20 0.4 21 0.3
Economic conditions in childhood very poor 566 10.7 581 9.2
poor 1899 35.9 1914 30.4
average 2228 42.1 2843 45.2
rich 542 10.3 859 13.7
very rich 53 1.0 91 1.5
Educational attainment did not complete elementary school 420 7.9 1485 23.6
elementary school 901 17.0 1373 21.8
middle school 658 12.4 782 12.4
high school 1792 33.9 1722 27.4
technical college 407 7.7 298 4.7
university 956 18.1 577 9.2
graduate school 154 2.9 51 0.8
Received inheritance yes 1452 27.5 960 15.3
no 3836 72.5 5328 84.7
Household income <1000 1205 22.8 1985 31.6
1000-1999 1199 22.7 1418 22.6
2000-2999 972 18.4 998 15.9
3000-3999 680 12.9 654 10.4
4000-4999 479 9.1 476 7.6
5000-5999 246 4.7 246 3.9
6000-6999 193 3.7 199 3.2
7000-7999 139 2.6 127 2.0
8000-8999 67 1.3 63 1.0
9000-999 33 0.6 38 0.6
>10000 75 1.4 84 1.3
Depressive symptoms few (0–8 on the CES-D) 4154 78.6 4258 67.7
regular (9 or more on the CES-D) 1134 21.4 2030 32.3