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Table 1 Description of study variables

From: Economic burden of family caregiving for elderly population in southern Ghana: the case of a peri-urban district

Cost type Cost categories Description
Direct cost Medical cost  
 Medical care Cost associated with medications, health supplies, consultation, treatments and therapies.
Non-medical cost  
 Residential care Cost associated with rent, utilities and other housing expenses
 Household supplies Cost associated with food, clothing, toiletries and personal items.
 Travel/transportation Cost associated with travelling to, with or for the care recipient.
 Financial transfer Cost associated with occasional monetary transfer from caregiver to care recipient.
Indirect cost Productivity loss as a result of;  
 Time spent on personal care Time spent helping care recipient with feeding, going to the toilet, bathing, changing bandages and giving medicines.
 Time spent on household activities Time spent on meal preparation, washing, cleaning or shopping on behalf of care recipient.
 Time on travel/transportation Time spent in travelling to, with or for the care recipient.
 Time spent with care recipient Time spent being a companion; facilitating social interactions and reducing social isolation.
Intangible cost Caregiving burden  
 Caregiving burden Zarit burden interview score
 Financial stress Financial dimension of cost of care index score