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Table 6 Determinants of good SRH by gender

From: Determinants of and socio-economic disparities in self-rated health in China

Variables Category Male (n = 4944) Female (n = 4724)
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Demographic characteristics
 Age group 18–29 1.00   1.00  
  30–39 0.62*** (0.44–0.87) 0.71* (0.49–1.03)
  40–49 0.43*** (0.32–0.59) 0.41*** (0.28–0.58)
  50–59 0.29*** (0.21–0.39) 0.23*** (0.16–0.32)
  60–69 0.19*** (0.14–0.26) 0.17*** (0.12–0.25)
  70+ 0.15*** (0.11–0.22) 0.11*** (0.08–0.17)
 Marital status Divorced, separated, and widowed    1.00  
  Married    0.77** (0.61–0.96)
  Single    0.91 (0.55–1.48)
 Regions West 1.00   1.00  
  East 1.32*** (1.08–1.61) 1.22** (1.00–1.50)
  Middle 1.10 (0.91–1.34) 1.10 (0.90–1.35)
  Northeast 1.13 (0.90–1.42) 1.15 (0.90–1.46)
Socio-economic status
 Education degree Primary or no education    1.00  
  Secondary education    1.25** (1.05–1.48)
  College or higher    1.17 (0.86–1.58)
 Work status Not working 1.00   1.00  
  Non-farm work 2.19*** (1.79–2.69) 1.73*** (1.43–2.11)
  Farm work 1.68*** (1.36–2.07) 1.27** (1.04–1.54)
 Household Income (RMB/dollars) ≤¥9,999 (or ≤ $ 1.640) 1.00   1.00  
  ¥10,000–49,999 (or $1,640–8,201) 1.46*** (1.15–1.84) 0.96 (0.75–1.24)
  ¥50,000–99,999 (or $8,201–16,402) 1.80*** (1.38–2.36) 1.13 (0.85–1.50)
  ≥¥100,000 (or ≥ $16,402) 1.43** (1.03–1.98) 0.74* (0.53–1.03)
 Self-rated social class Low (score 1–3) 1.00   1.00  
  Middle (score 4–5) 1.23** (1.04–1.45) 1.16* (0.98–1.37)
  High (score 6–10) 1.28 (0.94–1.75) 1.25 (0.91–1.70)
 Socio-economic status compared with peers Lower 1.00   1.00  
  Higher 1.99*** (1.36–2.90) 1.78*** (1.21–2.63)
  Similar 1.28*** (1.08–1.50) 1.34*** (1.14–1.57)
  Hard to say 0.88 (0.61–1.27) 1.45* (0.96–2.18)
Lifestyle factors
 BMI Normal weight 1.00   1.00  
  Underweight 0.60*** (0.45–0.80) 0.75** (0.59–0.95)
  Over weight 0.89 (0.74–1.06) 0.97 (0.80–1.16)
  Obese 0.61** (0.38–0.97) 0.57** (0.37–0.89)
 Physical activity Inactive 1.00    
  Active 1.22** (1.03–1.44)   
Psychosocial factors
 Life satisfaction Happy life 1.00   1.00  
  Unhappy life 0.65*** (0.50–0.83) 0.72** (0.55–0.94)
  Average 0.73*** (0.61–0.88) 0.77*** (0.64–0.93)
 Depression Severe 1.00   1.00  
  Mild 1.63*** (1.22–2.19) 2.14*** (1.59–2.87)
  Few or no 6.51*** (4.96–8.56) 9.66*** (7.31–12.77)
Relations with families and friends Good 1.00   1.00  
  Poor 0.73*** (0.59–0.91) 0.75*** (0..60–0.93)
  Normal 0.77*** (0.66–0.90) 0.81** (0.70–0.95)
Pseudo R2   0.2297   0.2340  
  1. Multivariate model including all significant variables through backwards stepwise logistic analysis
  2. OR odds ratio, 95% CI 95% Confidence Intervals
  3. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1