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Table 10 Determinants of health in China: odds ratios for good self-rated health (SRH)

From: Determinants of and socio-economic disparities in self-rated health in China

Variables Category Model 1b: Univariate analysis Model 2b: Multivariate analysis
   OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Demographic characteristics
 Gender Female 1.00   1.00  
  Male 1.33*** (1.16–1.53) 1.29*** (1.17–1.43)
 Age group 18–29 1.00   1.00  
  30–39 0.50*** (0.36–0.69) 0.48*** (0.34–0.68)
  40–49 0.32*** (0.24–0.43) 0.32*** (0.23–0.45)
  50–59 0.18*** (0.13–0.24) 0.20*** (0.14–0.28)
  60–69 0.13*** (0.10–0.19) 0.14*** (0.10–0.21)
  70+ 0.10*** (0.07–0.14) 0.12*** (0.09–0.18)
 Ethnicity Other ethnic minorities 1.00    
  Han nationality 0.90 (0.70–1.15)   
 Marital status Divorced, separated, or widowed 1.00   1.00  
  Married 2.12*** (1.69–2.65) 1.36* (1.06–1.73)
  Single 4.32*** (3.07–6.07) 0.97 (0.63–1.48)
 Residence Rural 1.00    
  Urban 1.29*** (1.12–1.49)   
 Regions West 1.00   1.00  
  East 1.40*** (1.18–1.67) 1.18 (0.95–1.48)
  Middle 1.14 (0.95–1.38) 1.14 (0.91–1.42)
  Northeast 2.03*** (1.59–2.61) 1.69*** (1.26–2.26)
Socio-economic status
 Education degree Primary or no education 1.00    
  Secondary education 2.03*** (1.73–2.36)   
  College or higher 3.33*** (2.64–4.61)   
 Work status Not working 1.00   1.00  
  Non-farm work 2.94*** (2.49–3.48) 1.63*** (1.31–2.03)
  Farm work 1.37*** (1.15–1.64) 1.48*** (1.19–1.86)
 Household Income (RMB/dollars) ≤¥9999 (≤$1,510) 1.00   1.00  
  ¥10000–49999 ($1,510–7,550) 2.18*** (1.80–2.65) 1.25* (0.99–1.59)
  ¥50000–99999 ($7,550–15,099) 2.96*** (2.30–3.81) 1.17 (0.86–1.61)
  ≥¥100000 (≥$15,099) 3.80*** (2.78–5.21) 1.34 (0.91–1.97)
Lifestyle factors
 BMI Normal weight 1.00   1.00  
  Underweight 0.60*** (0.48–0.75) 0.65*** (0.49–0.85)
  Over weight 0.98 (0.82–1.18) 0.96 (0.78–1.18)
  Obese 0.71 (0.46–1.08) 0.60** (0.39–0.98)
 Physical activity Inactive 1.00   1.00  
  Active 1.38*** (1.20–1.60) 1.15* (0.95–1.37)
 Smoking habit No 1.00    
  Yes 1.29*** (1.11–1.49)   
Psychosocial factors
 Life satisfaction Happy life 1.00   1.00  
  Unhappy life 0.28*** (0.22–0.36) 0.55*** 90.41–0.74)
  Average 0.53*** (0.45–0.64) 0.67*** (0.54–0.82)
 Depression Severe 1.00   1.00  
  Mild 2.07*** (1.57–2.72) 1.84*** (1.37–2.48)
  Few or no 9.38*** (7.27–12.09) 7.45*** (5.63–9.84)
Pseudo R2     0.21  
  1. Multivariate model including all significant variables through backwards stepwise logistic analysis
  2. OR odds ratio, 95% CI 95% Confidence Intervals
  3. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1