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Table 3 Multiple regression models of adjusted mean BMI and socio-economic status

From: Life-course socio-economic status and adult BMI in Ghana; analysis of the WHO study on global ageing and adult health (SAGE)

Socio-economic status Adjusted BMIa P-value Fully adjusted BMIb p-value
Education
 Own   0.0242   0.4305
  No formal education 21.49 0.03 22.04 0.46
  Primary school 23.24 0.79 23.98 0.58
  High school 23.39 0.85 22.82 0.87
  College 23.58 - 23.05 -
 Mother’s   0.3772   0.6727
  No formal education 21.75 0.20 22.28 0.50
  Primary school 24.13 0.91 23.43 0.73
  High School 22.32 0.35 21.35 0.36
  College 24.43 - 24.84 -
 Father’s   0.0138   0.8431
  No formal education 21.70 0.0051 23.48 0.83
  Primary school 22.43 0.11 22.23 0.75
  High School 23.74 0.36 23.28 0.83
  College 24.93 - 22.91 -
Employment
 Own   0.0903   0.1212
  Unemployment 21.09 0.037 21.86 0.03
  Self/informal 21.92 0.09 23.03 0.14
  Public 23.13 0.40 21.68 0.06
  Private 24.58 - 25.32 -
 Mother’s   0.0261   0.0033
  Unemployment 22.41 0.046 25.31 0.0006
  Self/Informal 21.59 0.040 23.08 0.0051
  Public 24.70 0.0035 23.50 0.09
  Private 18.34 - 20.00 -
 Father’s   0.0003   0.0189
  Unemployment 19.00 0.012 19.53 0.04
  Self/Informal 21.27 0.14 22.61 0.68
  Public 25.26 0.16 26.51 0.18
  Private 22.93 - 23.24 -
  1. aAdjusted for age, smoking, alcohol, health status, residence, and marital status
  2. bAdjusted for age, smoking, alcohol, health status, residence, marital status, own education, mother’s education, father’s education, own employment, mother’s employment and father’s employment
  3. Bold indicates significance p value ≤ 0.05