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Table 1 Unadjusted mean BMI and socio-economic status, 2008 WHO SAGE

From: Life-course socio-economic status and adult BMI in Ghana; analysis of the WHO study on global ageing and adult health (SAGE)

  N (%) BMI Mean (SE) P-value
Overall 2341 25.27 (0.3)  
Age (in years)    <0.0001
  < 21 18 (2.7) 25.12 (2.4)  
 21-39 180 (39.6) 25.32 (0.5)  
 40-64 1167 (47.3) 25.73 (0.5)  
  > = 65 976 (10.5) 22.97 (0.3)  
Marital Status    0.5691
 Never Married 65 (8.9) 24.40 (0.8)  
 Married/cohabiting 779 (58.8) 25.33 (0.4)  
 Sep/Div/Wid 1497 (32.3) 25.38 (0.7)  
Smoking    0.4410
 No 2166 (94.5) 25.32 (0.3)  
 Yes 175 (5.5) 24.26 (1.3)  
Alcohol use    0.9796
 No 2098 (88.8) 25.26 (0.3)  
 Yes 243 (11.2) 25.30 (1.8)  
Health Status    0.4865
 Bad 543 (25.6) 24.73 (0.5)  
 Moderate 1001 (30.4) 25.79 (0.7)  
 Good 797 (44.0) 25.22 (0.5)  
Education  
 Own  
  No formal education 1675 (53.5) 24.32 (0.5) 0.0182
  Primary school 248 (16.4) 26.28 (1.1)  
  High school 357 (27.0) 26.42 (0.5)  
  College or more 51 (3.4) 26.15 (1.0)  
 Mother’s  
  No formal education 2219 (89.2) 25.11 (0.4) 0.3062
  Primary school 38 (4.3) 27.98 (1.9)  
  High school 49 (5.7) 25.54 (1.0)  
  College or more 8 (0.8) 27.56 (2.1)  
 Father’s  
  No formal education 1912 (71.7) 24.69 (0.5) 0.0030
  Primary school 89 (6.2) 25.69 (1.1)  
  High school 210 (16.5) 26.99 (0.7)  
  College or more 44 (5.5) 28.12 (1.0)  
Employment  
 Own  
  Unemployed 716 (17.5) 24.09 (0.6) 0.0253
  Self/Informal employment 1526 (76.5) 27.79 (1.7)  
  Public sector 64 (3.7) 25.39 (0.4)  
  Private sector 35 (2.2) 26.67 (0.7)  
 Mother’s
  Unemployed 93 (4.5) 26.01 (1.4) 0.0121
  Self/Informal employment 2211 (92.1) 25.17(0.4)  
  Public sector 26 (2.8) 27.90 (1.7)  
  Private sector 11 (0.6) 22.08 (1.1)  
 Father’s
  Unemployed 53 (2.6) 22.57 (1.1) 0.0011
  Self/Informal employment 2019 (76.3) 24.54(0.3)
  Public sector 224 (17.5) 28.72(1.2)  
  Private sector 45 (3.6) 25.83(1.0)  
  1. Bold indicates significance p value ≤ 0.05