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Table 1 MCH services use by various maternal characteristics among births <1 year preceding the DHS, 2008 & 2013

From: Inequality in the use of maternal and child health services in the Philippines: do pro-poor health policies result in more equitable use of services?

Characteristic DHS 2008 (%) DHS 2013 (%)
ANC (CI) FBD (CI) CS (CI) ANC (CI) FBD (CI) CS (CI)
Income status
 Poorest 6.76 (4.93–8.59) 12.83 (10.39–15.26) 0.55 (0.01–1.09) 11.32 (9.12–13.53) 35.35 (32.02–38.67) 1.26 (0.48–2.04)
 Poorer 10.9 (8.33–13.46) 29.53 (25.77–33.27) 4.06 (2.43–5.69) 21.65 (18.19–25.11) 54.86 (50.68–59.05) 6.1 (4.08–8.12)
 Middle 20.11 (16.01–24.21) 49.46 (44.34–54.47) 8.54 (5.66–11.42) 32.03 (27.63–36.42) 72.35 (68.14–76.57) 7.58 (5.05–10.11)
 Richer 30.21 (25.32–35.09) 70.67 (65.83–75.52) 15.22 (11.37–19.08) 40.23 (35.03–45.43) 85.13 (81.36–88.9) 14.84 (11.03–18.64)
 Richest 43.69 (36.9–50.48) 90.29 (86.24–94.35) 23.41 (17.6–29.23) 58.56 (52.06–65.06) 95.95 (93.34–98.55) 30.45 (24.36–36.55)
Age
 15–19 22.86 (15.87–29.84) 40.71 (32.54–48.89) 6.43 (2.35–10.51) 32.08 (24.79–39.36) 68.55 (61.31–75.8) 5.06 (01.63–08.49)
 20–24 18.68 (15.36–22) 45.28 (41.03–49.53) 5.12 (3.24–7.01) 24.4 (21.02–27.78) 60.83 (57–64.67) 6.31 (4.39–8.23)
 25–29 16.35 (13.47–19.23) 39.47 (35.66–43.27) 6.18 (4.3–8.06) 25.4 (21.98–28.81) 58.15 (54.28–62.02) 6.16 (4.25–8.06)
 30–34 16.99 (13.59–20.38) 38.85 (34.44–43.26) 10.32 (07.55–13.09) 31.4 (27.26–35.55) 66.94 (62.74–71.14) 14.19 (11.04–17.35)
 35–39 14.09 (10.08–18.1) 30.58 (25.28–35.89) 8.28 (05.1–11.45) 22.93 (18.27–27.59) 51.59 (46.05–57.13) 10.54 (07.13–13.95)
 40–44 13.49 (7.5–19.48) 35.71 (27.31–44.12) 5.56 (1.54–9.57) 21.05 (13.53–28.57) 44.74 (35.56–53.91) 6.14 (1.71–10.57)
 45–49 33.33 (8.63–58.04) 33.33 (08.63–58.04) 20 (−1.0–40.96) 26.32 (05.96–46.67) 52.63 (29.55–75.71) 0.00
PhiHealth
 Insured 24.3 (20.99–27.61) 58.36 (54.55–62.17) 13.15 (10.52–15.77) 28.97 (26.42–31.51) 64.08 (61.38–66.77) 10.19 (8.48–11.9)
 Uninsured 14.14 (12.41–15.87) 31.54 (29.24–33.85) 4.69 (3.64–5.75) 23.37 (20.88–25.85) 55.15 (52.23–58.07) 6.25 (04.82–07.68)
Community type
 Urban 25.4 (22.50–28.31) 57.04 (53.74–60.34) 11.46 (9.32–13.6) 35.91 (32.80–39.01) 71.82 (68.91–74.73) 11.05 (8.99–13.1)
 Rural 11.76 (10.04–13.49) 28 (25.59–30.4) 4.41 (3.31–5.51) 20.07 (17.99–22.16) 52.04 (49.44–54.64) 6.57 (5.28–7.86)
Union status
 in-Union 16.26 (14.69–17.84) 38.6 (36.52–40.68) 6.97 (5.88–8.06) 25.63 (23.8–27.46) 73.97 (66.83–81.12) 8.08 (7.02–9.33)
 not in-union 35 (25.6–44.40) 56 (46.22–65.78) 11 (4.83–17.17) 36.3 (28.47–44.13) 58.87 (56.81–60.93) 10.27 (5.33–15.22)
Maternal education
 No Education 0.00 4.55 (−1.68–10.77) 0.00 5.26 (−1.94–12.46) 5.26 (−1.94–12.46) 0.00
 Primary 6.7 (04.69–08.71) 15.08 (12.20–17.95) 1.35 (0.42–2.28) 11.3 (8.62–13.97) 36.85 (32.78–40.93) 2.25 (0.99–3.51)
 Secondary 17.33 (15.05–19.60) 40.21 (37.26–43.16) 6.64 (5.14–8.15) 26.14 (23.64–28.64) 59.95 (57.16–62.74) 6.42 (5.01–7.83)
 Higher 30.43 (26.42–34.45) 69.37 (65.34–73.39) 15.74 (12.55–18.93) 42.09 (38.05–46.13) 84.7 (81.75–87.64) 18.39 (15.21–21.57)
Sex of HH Head
 Male 16.17 (14.55–17.79) 37.88 (35.75–40.02) 6.85 (5.73–7.96) 24.61 (22.76–26.45) 57.8 (55.68–59.91) 7.81 (6.66–8.97)
 Female 25.45 (19.73–31.17) 52.68 (46.12–59.24) 9.91 (5.97–13.85) 40.91 (34.70–47.12) 77.27 (71.98–82.57) 12.61 (8.38–16.83)
Age of HH Head
 < 50 15.31 (13.58–17.04) 34.72 (32.43–37.01) 6.26 (5.09–7.43) 22.98 (20.97–24.99) 55.11 (52.73–57.48) 6.93 (5.71–8.15)
 50 and above 22.55 (19.05–26.04) 53.45 (49.28–57.63) 9.85 (7.35–12.35) 34.81 (31.16–38.46) 71.91 (68.46–75.35) 11.83 (9.34–14.31)
  1. ANC Complete Antenatal Care
  2. FBD Facility-based delivery
  3. CS Caesarean Delivery
  4. CI Confidence Interval