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Table 2 Crude and adjusted analyses of the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and multimorbidity with access to treatment among individuals with depression. PNS/Brazil, 2013. (n = 5.051)

From: Inequities in access to depression treatment: results of the Brazilian National Health Survey – PNS

Variables No treatment (%) Crude PRa (95 % CI) Adjusted PRb (95 % CI)
Gender
 Male 15.2 1.00 1.00
 Female 23.5 1.63 (1.37-1.93) 1.42 (1.14-1.77)
Race/skin color
 Black 16.3 1.00 1.00
 White 25.3 1.69 (1.29-2.23) 1.66 (1.22-2.26)
 Asian 23.2 0.94 (0.43-2.09) 1.48 (0.72-3.02)
 Brown 18.0 1.26 (0.96-1.65) 1.30 (0.94-1.79)
 Indigenous 25.7 1.94 (0.79-4.75) 2.49 (1.60-3.86)
Geographical area
 Urban 21.7 1.54 (1.26-1.88) 1.03 (0.85-1.25)
 Rural 17.3 1.00 1.00
Age
 18 to 29 12.8 1.00 1.00
 30 to 39 20.7 1.93 (1.50-2.50) 1.69 (1.30-2.20)
 40 to 49 25.0 2.73 (2.12-3.51) 1.96 (1.51-2.56)
 50 to 59 24.1 3.13 (2.44-4.02) 1.94 (1.48-2.55)
 60 to 69 30.1 2.85 (2.17-3.75) 1.63 (1.20-2.20)
 70 or more 14.7 1.80 (1.31-2.48) 1.00 (0.71-1.43)
Macro-region
 North 9.8 1.00 1.00
 Northeast 13.7 1.44 (1.14-1.82) 1.31 (1.04-1.67)
 Center-west 14.1 1.63 (1.24-2.14) 1.34 (1.01-1.76)
 Southeast 24.1 2.14 (1.70-2.69) 1.75 (1.38-2.22)
 South 32.5 2.97 (2.34-3.76) 2.16 (1.68-2.79)
Marital status
 Married or living with a partner 22.3 1.00 1.00
 Single or no partner 19.4 1.08 (0.95-1.22) 1.11 (0.97-1.27)
Education
 None or incomplete primary school 22.2 1.00 1.00
 Complete primary school or incomplete high school 18.1 0.90 (0.74-1.09) 1.02 (0.83-1.25)
 Complete high school or incomplete college/university 18.0 0.90 (0.77-1.05) 1.09 (0.92-1.30)
 Complete college/university 29.7 1.46 (1.20-1.78) 1.37 (1.11-1.70)
Multimorbidity
 None 11.0 1.00 1.00
 One 18.9 1.69 (1.35-2.10) 1.52 (1.22-1.90)
 Two 23.8 2.68 (2.16-3.32) 2.28 (1.82-2.86)
 Three or more 31.9 3.45 (2.82-4.22) 2.83 (2.27-3.53)
  1. a PR Prevalence Ratio
  2. b Adjusted for all variables shown in Table 2