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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics, multimorbidity and prevalence of depression (PHQ-9 ≥ 10) for the Brazilian adult population. PNS/Brazil, 2013. (n = 60,202; weighted n = 146,308,458)

From: Inequities in access to depression treatment: results of the Brazilian National Health Survey – PNS

Variables   Depression
n Weighted na % Weighted na %
Gender
 Male 25,920 68,916,470 47.1 3,255,511 4.7
 Female 34,282 77,391,988 52.9 8,297,524 10.7
Age
 18 to 29 14,321 38,157,850 26.1 2,174,491 5.7
 30 to 39 14,269 31,643,091 21.6 2,314,648 7.3
 40 to 49 11,405 26,423,124 18.0 2,305,212 8.7
 50 to 59 9,030 23,676,562 16.2 2,294,739 9.7
 60 to 69 6,238 14,894,253 10.2 1,277,645 8.6
 70 or more 4,939 11,513,578 7.9 1,186,299 10.3
Education
 None or incomplete primary school 24,083 57,041,784 39.0 5,841,390 10.2
 Complete primary school or incomplete high school 9,215 22,761,619 15.5 1,776,611 7.8
 Complete high school or incomplete college/university 19,149 48,109,933 32.9 2,871,793 6.0
 Complete college/university 7,603 18,395,122 12.6 1,075,825 5.8
Race/skin color
 Black 5,631 13,454,163 9.2 1,150,680 8.6
 White 24,106 69,441,261 47.5 5,198,101 7.5
 Asian 533 1,371,822 0.9 105,306 7.7
 Brown 29,512 61,418,883 42.0 5,048,783 8.2
 Indigenous 417 619,019 0.4 50,165 8.1
Marital status
 Married or living with a partner 34,522 89,537,328 61.2 6,899,008 7.7
 Single or no partner 25,680 56,771,130 38.8 4,654,027 8.2
Macro-region
 North 12,536 10,885,968 7.4 659,268 6.1
 Northeast 18,305 38,947,575 26.6 3,121,942 8.0
 Center-west 7,519 10,775,569 7.4 885,227 8.2
 Southeast 14,294 64,074,682 43.8 4,913,627 7.7
 South 7,548 21,624,664 14.8 1,972,971 9.1
Geographical area
 Urban 49,245 126,132,422 86.2 10,260,840 8.1
 Rural 10,957 20,176,036 13.8 1,292,195 6.4
Multimorbidity
 None 33,768 80,093,878 54.8 3,003,770 3.8
 One 15,378 37,632,350 25.7 3,210,081 8.5
 Two 6,749 17,328,645 11.8 2,384,125 13.8
 Three or more 4,307 11,253,585 7.7 2,955,058 26.3
  1. aEstimated values for Brazilian adult population