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Table 3 Coverage of six reproductive and maternal interventions by wealth quintiles and magnitude of inequalities, Brazil, from 1986 to 2013

From: Coverage and equity in reproductive and maternal health interventions in Brazil: impressive progress following the implementation of the Unified Health System

Indicator Year Wealth quintiles Inequality measures
Q1 (poorest) Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 (20 % richest) CIX SII
% IC95 % % IC95 % % IC95 % % IC95 % % IC95 % % IC95 % % IC95 %
Use of modern contraceptives 1986 28.5 23.3 33.8 47.3 41.6 53.0 63.2 59.1 67.4 69.0 64.7 73.3 76.2 72.9 79.5 17.1 54.0 59.1 55.6 50.1 63.1
1996 55.8 52.8 58.7 68.9 66.2 71.7 73.6 71.0 76.3 73.8 71.2 76.5 76.8 74.1 79.5 5.3 69.2 71.3 22.3 65.9 74.7
2006 73.2 72.9 73.6 78.4 78.0 78.8 73.9 73.3 74.4 77.8 77.2 78.4 76.6 75.9 77.3 1.0 74.8 77.1 3.2 70.5 81.4
2013 80.9 78.8 83.0 82.3 80.1 84.5 82.3 79.9 84.8 82.3 79.9 84.6 84.6 82.6 86.5 0.8 81.9 83.3 3.9 79.3 85.9
Antenatal care 1+ visits (any provider) 1986 41.7 35.9 47.5 67.2 62.3 72.1 87.6 84.4 90.8 93.1 90.3 96.0 97.0 95.5 98.5 13.5 76.9 80.5 64.4 72.5 84.9
1996 71.1 67.2 75.1 86.9 84.2 89.5 93.2 91.1 95.3 96.5 94.5 98.5 97.0 95.5 98.6 6.7 86.4 88.6 36.6 81.4 93.5
2006 91.1 89.6 92.7 96.2 96.0 96.5 95.1 93.6 96.5 97.9 97.7 98.1 97.7 97.5 98.0 1.5 94.0 96.4 8.2 87.4 100.0
2013 95.4 92.9 97.8 97.2 94.5 99.9 98.6 97.5 99.7 99.0 97.7 100.0 98.0 96.5 99.6 0.7 96.8 98.0 4.5 93.2 100.0
Antenatal care 4+ visits (any provider) 1986 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
1996 55.3 50.9 59.7 77.4 74.0 80.9 88.8 86.3 91.4 93.7 91.3 96.2 96.0 94.3 97.7 11.4 78.5 81.4 54.0 74.2 85.7
2006 83.8 81.8 85.9 93.1 92.5 93.8 91.5 89.8 93.2 97.5 97.3 97.7 96.9 96.5 97.3 3.1 90.1 93.2 17.0 82.5 100.0
2013 87.7 83.2 92.3 94.5 91.2 97.7 97.1 95.5 98.8 97.4 94.9 99.8 95.9 92.7 99.0 2.0 92.6 95.1 12.4 86.1 100.0
1st ANC visit during the 1st trimester 1986 21.4 16.2 26.6 41.0 35.4 46.7 61.9 57.9 65.9 75.2 70.2 80.2 88.9 85.8 92.1 23.2 57.0 61.2 74.1 54.3 63.9
1996 44.7 41.0 48.4 64.5 60.9 68.2 74.6 70.8 78.3 80.6 77.0 84.1 83.9 80.2 87.7 12.6 65.9 69.0 48.9 61.9 73.0
2006 76.0 74.4 77.7 76.5 73.6 79.4 82.7 80.6 84.9 82.8 80.5 85.1 76.9 72.6 81.1 1.7 76.6 81.2 6.3 67.9 90.0
2013 76.4 70.0 82.9 84.6 79.5 89.7 87.9 82.5 93.4 88.6 83.1 94.1 87.6 80.4 94.8 3.1 81.9 86.6 15.4 72.9 95.6
Institutional delivery 1986 48.8 41.1 56.4 77.4 73.1 81.6 91.2 88.1 94.2 97.0 95.2 98.8 98.8 97.7 99.8 12.6 79.0 83.5 64.2 72.6 89.9
1996 79.3 75.2 83.4 96.3 94.9 97.7 98.9 98.2 99.6 99.2 98.4 99.9 100.0    5.3 91.5 93.9 41.7 83.7 100.0
2006 95.6 95.4 95.7 98.7 98.6 98.7 99.1 99.1 99.2 99.5 99.4 99.5 99.7 99.7 99.7 1.0 97.7 98.6 5.6 95.3 100.0
2013 95.1 92.4 97.8 98.6 97.0 100.0 99.4 98.7 100.0 99.7 99.2 100.0 99.4 98.6 100.0 1.1 97.5 98.8 7.8 92.0 100.0
C-section 1986 7.1 4.3 10.0 14.3 10.9 17.6 31.3 26.9 35.8 40.0 34.1 45.9 60.4 55.9 64.8 36.3 25.7 32.6 61.2 23.5 34.8
1996 16.3 13.9 18.8 30.0 26.6 33.4 42.6 38.5 46.7 48.5 44.1 53.0 67.7 63.0 72.4 27.9 34.1 38.8 57.2 31.7 41.2
2006 32.5 30.5 34.4 30.1 28.8 31.3 48.4 46.4 50.5 54.3 51.5 57.1 76.9 74.3 79.4 18.8 39.8 47.9 45.2 34.4 53.2
2013 37.5 31.3 43.7 42.2 34.6 49.9 58.7 50.2 67.3 63.3 52.7 73.9 82.6 76.3 89.0 17.2 51.1 58.3 53.5 44.6 64.8
  1. Source: Brazil DHS 1986, DHS 1996, PNDS 2006, PNS 2013. NA not available, 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval