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Table 1 Coverage of six reproductive and maternal interventions by geographic region, Brazil, from 1986 to 2013

From: Coverage and equity in reproductive and maternal health interventions in Brazil: impressive progress following the implementation of the Unified Health System

Indicator Year National Area of residence
Urban Rural
% 95 % CI % 95 % CI % 95 % CI
Use of modern contraceptives 1986 56.6 53.6 59.6 63.6 60.9 66.3 43.3 37.1 49.4
1996 70.3 68.9 71.7 72.6 71.2 74.1 61.2 57.8 64.6
2006 75.9 75.8 76.0 76.0 75.9 76.2 75.5 75.1 75.9
2013 82.6 81.6 83.6 83.0 81.9 84.0 80.3 77.6 82.9
Antenatal care 1+ visits (any provider) 1986 78.7 75.7 81.8 88.2 85.5 91.0 56.8 50.9 62.7
1996 87.5 85.9 89.1 92.0 90.7 93.2 72.0 66.9 77.0
2006 95.2 95.0 95.4 96.4 96.3 96.6 89.5 86.4 92.6
2013 97.4 96.5 98.4 97.4 96.3 98.5 97.5 95.7 99.3
Antenatal care 4+ visits (any provider) 1986 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
1996 79.9 77.9 82.0 86.0 84.2 87.8 59.1 53.2 65.1
2006 91.7 91.4 92.0 93.5 93.3 93.7 83.4 80.1 86.8
2013 93.9 92.3 95.5 94.5 92.9 96.1 90.6 85.3 95.9
1st ANC visit during the 1st trimester 1986 59.1 55.8 62.5 69.2 65.7 72.8 35.9 31.0 40.7
1996 67.4 65.4 69.5 72.7 70.8 74.7 49.3 44.4 54.1
2006 78.9 78.2 79.6 79.6 78.7 80.4 75.8 74.1 77.5
2013 84.3 81.4 87.1 85.3 82.3 88.4 78.6 70.6 86.6
Institutional delivery 1986 81.2 77.7 84.8 92.0 89.8 94.2 59.8 53.4 66.1
1996 92.7 91.1 94.3 96.9 96.0 97.8 79.6 74.4 84.7
2006 98.1 98.1 98.2 98.7 98.7 98.7 95.8 95.6 96.1
2013 98.1 97.3 99.0 99.2 98.7 99.8 92.4 88.1 96.7
C-sections 1986 29.2 26.3 32.0 36.2 33.1 39.4 15.1 11.4 18.8
1996 36.4 34.2 38.7 41.8 39.2 44.3 20.1 16.3 23.9
2006 43.8 43.3 44.3 45.9 45.3 46.5 35.2 32.6 37.9
2013 54.7 50.7 58.7 58.2 53.8 62.6 36.0 28.0 44.0
  1. Source: Brazil DHS 1986, DHS 1996, PNDS 2006, PNS 2013. NA not available, 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval