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Table 4 Factors associated with underutilization of health carea. Brazilian National Health Survey, 2013b

From: Inequities in Healthcare utilization: results of the Brazilian National Health Survey, 2013

Variable/categories AORc 95 % CId
Sex
 Male 2.16 (1.99–2.35)
 Female 1.00
Skin Colore
 White 0.82 (0.75–0.90)
 Non-white 1.00
Educational level
 No education/primary incomplete 2.93 (2.30–3.74)
 Secondary incomplete 2.35 (1.84–3.00)
 Undergraduate (college) incomplete 1.72 (1.37–2.14)
 Undergraduate complete and above 1.00
Social Class
 E 6.31 (3.76–10.61)
 D 3.03 (1.84–4.99)
 C 1.84 (1.27–3.01)
 B 1.36 (0.84–2.02)
 A 1.00
Age (years)
 >=18 and <30 4.40 (3.78–5.12)
 >=30 and <40 2.44 (2.10–2.83)
 >=40 and <50 1.66 (1.43–1.94)
 >=50 and <60 1.17 (0.98–1.41)
 >=60 1.00
Private Health Insurance
 Nof 2.11 (1.83–2.44)
 Yes 1.00
Family Health Care Coverageg
 No 0.97 (0.88–1.07)
 Yes 1.00
  1. aVariable composed of individuals that fulfilled one or more of these conditions: never visited a physician; or never visited a dentist; or never checked the blood glucose; or never checked the blood pressure
  2. bSample of subjects with 18+ years old that answered the ‘PesquisaNacional de Saúde’ individual questionnaire in 2013
  3. cAdjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) of underutilizing the health care system, considering the complex sample design
  4. d95 % Confidence Interval (CI) of the Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) of underutilizing the health care system, considering the complex sample design
  5. eThe categories of skin color are defined by the IBGE (‘Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística) and reported by the respondent.IBGE 2010
  6. fPopulation covered by the Brazilian Public Health System, or SUS (in Portuguese)
  7. g“Family Health” refers to “Equipe de Saúde da Família”; a community-based primary health care program funded by the Brazilian Public Health System or SUS