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Table 3 Logistic regression results: geographic region effects on poor self-rated health. Brazil, 2013

From: Inequalities in healthy life expectancy by Brazilian geographic regions: findings from the National Health Survey, 2013

   Model 1A Model 1B Model 2A Model 2B
Variables ORa 95 % CI p-value ORb 95 % CI p-value ORc 95 % CI p-value ORd 95 % CI p-value
Sex F 1.47 1.31–1.65 0.000 1.42 1.26–1.59 0.000 1.28 1.14–1.44 0.000 1.24 1.10–1.40 p < 0.001
M 1.00 - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - -
Age group 20–29 1.00 - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - -
30–39 1.54 1.17–2.02 0.002 1.93 1.46–2.55 0.000 1.26 0.95–1.67 0.113 1.60 1.20–2.13 p < 0.001
40–49 2.62 2.05–3.35 0.000 3.84 3.01–4.91 0.000 1.74 1.36–2.23 0.000 2.56 1.99–3.28 p < 0.001
50–59 3.58 2.83–4.54 0.000 5.57 4.39–7.06 0.000 2.00 1.56–2.56 0.000 3.08 2.39–3.96 p < 0.001
60–69 3.91 3.05–5.01 0.000 6.38 5.00–8.14 0.000 1.94 1.50–2.52 0.000 3.13 2.42–4.04 p < 0.001
70+ 4.51 3.46–5.86 0.000 7.59 5.88–9.79 0.000 2.15 1.64–2.82 0.000 3.55 2.73–4.63 p < 0.001
Schooling Incomplete Elementary 3.95 3.36–4.65 0.000 - - - 3.83 3.26–4.51 0.000 - - -
Incomplete Secondary 1.74 1.41–2.14 0.000 - - - 1.67 1.35–2.06 0.000 - - -
Complete Secondary 1.00 - - - - - 1.00 - - - - -
Region North 1.73 1.40–2.13 0.000 1.42 1.15–1.76 0.001 1.87 1.51–2.31 0.000 1.51 1.22–1.88 p < 0.001
Northeast 1.82 1.55–2.13 0.000 1.56 1.33–1.84 0.000 1.90 1.62–2.22 0.000 1.60 1.36–1.87 p < 0.001
Southeast 1.00 - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - -
South 1.18 0.97–1.42 0.100 1.26 1.04–1,52 0.018 1.08 0.90–1.31 0.412 1.14 0.95–1.38 0.162
Center-West 1.25 1.04–1.50 0.018 1.19 0.99–1.43 0.061 1.26 1.05–1.52 0.013 1.18 0.98–1.42 0.081
SE class D/E - - - 5.14 4.18–6.33 0.000 - - - 5.30 4.32–6.49 p < 0.001
C - - - 2.97 2.44–3.62 0.000 - - - 2.93 2.41–3.57 p < 0.001
A/B - - - 1.00 - - - - - 1.00 - -
At least one NCD Yes - - - - - - 5.08 4.29–6.01 0.000 5.27 4.45–6.23 p < 0.001
No - - - - - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - -
  1. aAdjusted for age, sex, and schooling
  2. bAdjusted for age, sex, and socioeconomic (SE) class
  3. cAdjusted for age, sex, schooling, and diagnosis of at least one non-communicable chronic disease (NCD)
  4. dAdjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic class, and diagnosis of at least one non-communicable chronic disease (NCD)