Skip to main content

Table 1 Socioeconomic and health indicators among adults aged 20 years and overc by Brazilian regions, 2013

From: Inequalities in healthy life expectancy by Brazilian geographic regions: findings from the National Health Survey, 2013

Indicators Geographic Region Brazil p-value*
North Northeast Southeast South Center-West
Schooling        p < 0.001
 Illiterate 19.4 23.0 9.9 9.7 12.4 14.2
 Incomplete elementary school 23.4 26.4 24.8 29.3 25.3 25.8
 Incomplete secondary school 15.5 12.9 14.4 15.5 14.9 14.3
 Complete secondary school 41.7 37.7 50.9 45.5 47.4 45.7
Socioeconomic class        p < 0.001
 A/B 16.8 18.6 40.2 42.8 34.0 32.7
 C 42.3 38.9 44.7 43.6 44.5 42.8
 D/E 40.9 42.5 15.1 13.6 21.5 24.5
% Adults living in rural areas 21.7 23.8 6.9 15.0 8.9 13.8 p < 0.001
% Adults who consulted a doctor in the last 12 months 66.4 69.7 79.5 78.6 73.8 75.4 p < 0.001
Coverage (%) of private health plan 12.6 14.7 34.5 31.4 28.0 26.7 p < 0.001
Diagnosis of at least one NCD 39.0 44.4 47.4 53.2 44.8 46.7 p < 0.001
Life Expectancy at birth (years)a        -
 M 68.2 68.1 73.3 73.5 71.2 71.3
 F 75.3 76.5 79.5 80.3 77.9 78.1
 T 71.5 72.2 76.6 76.9 74.4 74.8
Number of doctors per 1000 populationb 0.9 1.09 2.51 2.06 1.76 1.86 -
Poor self-rated health        
 M 5.8 7.0 3.5 4.0 5.0 4.8 p < 0.001
 F 7.6 9.4 5.2 6.5 6.0 6.7 p < 0.001
 T 6.8 8.3 4.4 5.3 5.5 5.8 p < 0.001
  1. Sources: National Health Survey, 2013; aBrazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, IBGE; bMinistério da Saúde, Datasus, Indicadores e Dados Básicos
  2. cWeighted Sample size 57,287
  3. * p-value of the chi-square test for comparison between geographic region distributions