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Table 9 Odds ratios from logistic regressions for Diabetes, Hypertension and Heart Disease for Men and Women for younger adults (25–49 years), Brazil 1998–2013

From: Time trends in adult chronic disease inequalities by education in Brazil: 1998–2013

Variables Females Males
  Diabetes Hypertension Heart Diabetes Hypertension Heart
Education
 No education 3.75*** 4.09*** 3.51*** 0.84 1.23*** 1.52***
 Primary or incomplete secondary 2.41*** 2.63*** 2.16*** 1.08 1.20*** 1.32**
 Secondary 1.02 1.38*** 1.43*** 1.01 1.04 1.21
 Some college or more 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Year
 1998 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 2003 1.11 1.18** 1.07 1.04 1.09 0.92
 2008 1.64*** 1.16** 0.85 1.66*** 1.09 0.87
 2013 2.00*** 1.57*** 0.78 1.43 1.58*** 0.97
Interaction education x year
No education
 2003 1.20 0.88 0.72** 1.37 0.93 0.89
 2008 0.89 0.86* 0.78 1.02 0.94 0.79
 2013 0.77 0.55*** 0.90 1.70 0.79 0.46*
Primary or incomplete secondary
 2003 1.04 0.93 0.83 1.08 0.97 0.93
 2008 0.94 0.94 0.97 0.91 1.01 1.04
 2013 1.26 0.88 1.00 1.16 0.75** 0.74
Secondary
 2003 1.38 0.88 0.68*** 1.27 0.95 0.91
 2008 1.09 1.01 0.89 0.91 1.05 0.95
 2013 1.47 0.90 1.04 1.49 0.78 0.63
Race (ref = white)
 Non-White 0.97 0.82*** 0.89** 0.90 0.90*** 0.89*
Proxy
 Yes 0.97 0.91*** 0.86*** 0.99 0.98 0.97
Region (ref = Southeast)
 North 0.67*** 0.65*** 0.75*** 0.89 0.77*** 0.88
 Northeast 0.65*** 0.79*** 0.61*** 0.73*** 0.84*** 0.71***
 Midwest 0.99 0.91*** 1.00 0.93 1.04 1.12
 South 0.98 0.96 0.99 0.97 1.05 1.22**
Health Insurance
 Yes 1.08 0.98 1.03 1.15 1.16*** 0.93
  1. *** p <0.001, ** p <0.01, * p <0.05