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Table 4 Odd ratios from logistic regressions including an Education-Year interaction term for Diabetes, Hypertension and Heart Disease for the Total Population and by Sex, Brazil 1998–2013

From: Time trends in adult chronic disease inequalities by education in Brazil: 1998–2013

Variables All Females Males
  Diabetes Hypertension Heart Diabetes Hypertension Heart Diabetes Hypertension Heart
Education
 No education 1.66*** 2.22*** 2.70*** 2.83*** 3.34*** 3.58*** 0.82* 1.40*** 1.98***
 Primary or incomplete secondary 1.60*** 1.76*** 1.97*** 2.32*** 2.52*** 2.47*** 1.17* 1.20*** 1.58***
 Secondary 0.99 1.17*** 1.40*** 1.08 1.44*** 1.57*** 1.01 1.00 1.31***
 Some college or more 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Year
 1998 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 2003 1.20** 1.16*** 1.05 1.14 1.25*** 1.03 1.31*** 1.12** 1.11
 2008 1.48*** 1.22*** 0.94 1.37*** 1.29*** 0.89 1.70*** 1.23*** 1.05
 2013 1.70*** 1.55*** 0.84 1.80*** 1.58*** 0.65** 1.74*** 1.62*** 1.07
Interaction education X year
No education
 2003 1.15 0.98 0.81*** 1.17 0.92 0.80** 1.19 0.99 0.81**
 2008 1.19** 1.03 0.90 1.21 0.95 0.91 1.26** 1.07 0.89
 2013 1.39** 0.74*** 0.64*** 1.22 0.73*** 0.76 1.63** 0.71*** 0.56**
Primary or incomplete secondary
 2003 1.00 1.01 0.87* 1.04 0.94 0.89 0.94 1.02 0.84*
 2008 1.05 1.03 0.94 1.09 0.95 0.94 0.99 1.06 0.93
 2013 1.24* 0.89* 0.79 1.14 0.87 0.94 1.25 0.85 0.68*
Secondary
 2003 1.15 0.90** 0.74*** 1.23 0.83*** 0.72*** 1.04 0.94 0.74**
 2008 1.19* 0.99 0.87* 1.33* 0.92 0.90 1.00 0.99 0.82*
 2013 1.32* 0.92 0.77 1.29 0.90 0.98 1.27 0.88 0.60**
  1. Models were fitted separately by chronic disease controlling for sex (for all), race, region, health insurance and proxy respondent (see Appendix for full tables)
  2. *** p <0.001, ** p <0.01, * p <0.05