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Table 2 Age-adjusted prevalence rates (%) of chronic conditions for the total population aged 25 or older by education, Brazil: 1998–2013

From: Time trends in adult chronic disease inequalities by education in Brazil: 1998–2013

  Total No education Primary Secondary Some college or more Ratio: No ed vs. Some college or more
Diabetes
 1998 3.72 (3.62, 3.83) 3.88 (3.65,4.12) 3.99 (3.84,4.14) 2.81 (2.48,3.13) 2.86 (2.52,3.20) 1.30
 2003 4.52 (4.41, 4.64) 5.22 (4.93, 5.51) 4.70 (4.56, 4.85) 3.70 (3.43, 3.97) 3.47 (3.16, 3.79) 1.30
 2008 5.54 (5.43, 5.65) 6.30 (5.99, 6.60) 5.93 (5.78. 6.09) 4.64 (4.40, 4.89) 4.12 (3.83, 4.40) 1.34
 2013 6.76 (6.39, 7.13) 8.11 (7.03, 9.19) 7.70 (7.10, 8.30) 5.46 (4.71, 6.21) 4.58 (3.73, 5.42) 1.48
 overall change 3.04 4.23 3.71 2.65 1.72  
Hypertension
 1998 19.94 (19.68, 20.20) 23.97 (23.33, 24.62) 20.33 (20.03,20.63) 15.70 (15.08, 16.31) 13.80 (13.14, 14.46) 1.44
 2003 21.36 (21.12, 21.60) 25.36 (24.67, 26.04) 22.57 (22.28, 22.86) 16.18 (15.67, 16.70) 15.81 (15.22, 16.39) 1.35
 2008 22.10 (21.88, 22.33) 26.22 (25.55, 26.89) 23.73 (23.44, 24.03) 18.12 (17.71, 18.53) 16.71 (16.20, 17.22) 1.32
 2013 22.54 (21.93, 23.16) 25.28 (23.46, 27.10) 24.96 (23.96, 25.96) 19.81 (18.57, 21.04) 19.10 (17.62, 20.58) 1.18
 overall change 2.60 1.31 4.63 4.11 5.30  
Heart problems
 1998 6.95 (6.78, 7.11) 8.26 (7.88,8.63) 7.07 (6.87,7.27) 5.60 (5.17,6.04) 4.24 (3.84,4.65) 1.64
 2003 6.13 (5.99, 6.26) 7.03 (6.70, 7.36) 6.50 (6.33, 6.68) 4.39 (4.10, 4.69) 4.53 (4.18, 4.89) 1.35
 2008 5.82 (5.70, 5.94) 6.76 (6.44, 7.09) 6.26 (6.10, 6.42) 4.60 (4.36, 4.84) 4.10 (3.83, 4.38) 1.42
 2013 4.20 (3.87, 4.53) 4.82 (4.00, 5.63) 4.70 (4.18, 5.23) 3.38 (2.71, 4.05) 3.43 (2.55, 4.31) 1.22
 overall change −2.75 −3.44 −2.37 −2.22 −0.81  
  1. Prevalence rates have been adjusted using the Brazilian total population in year 2000 as the standard