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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for the total population aged 20 or older (%), Brazil 1998–2013

From: Time trends in adult chronic disease inequalities by education in Brazil: 1998–2013

Population characteristics Survey-year
1998 2003 2008 2013
Education
 No education 18.72 16.03 13.72 15.42
 Primary or incomplete secondary 58.89 55.73 50.71 41.05
 Secondary 12.85 17.13 22.16 25.71
 Some college or more 9.54 11.11 13.41 17.81
Age
 25–49 67.53 66.16 63.67 59.34
 50–94 32.47 33.84 36.33 40.66
Sex
 Male 47.42 47.16 47.09 46.71
 Female 52.58 52.84 52.91 53.29
Race     
White 57.45 54.89 50.79 48.23
Non-White 42.56 45.11 49.22 51.77
Proxy
 No 56.4 56.73 64.81 31.58
 Yes 43.6 43.27 35.19 68.42
Region
 North 4.15 4.98 7.00 7.10
 Northeast 26.05 25.92 25.67 26.18
 Midwest 6.78 7.12 7.26 7.31
 Southeast 46.86 46.22 44.97 44.44
 South 16.17 15.76 15.10 14.97
Health Insurance
 No 72.01 71.88 71.02 68.61
 Yes 27.99 28.12 28.98 31.99
  1. All percentages shown are weighted taking into account the sampling complex design of each survey. Data for 1998–2008 come from PNAD and for 2013 from PNS