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Table 3 Assessment of the area’s problems and the effects of the improvements

From: Urban regeneration as population health intervention: a health impact assessment in the Bay of Pasaia (Spain)

Problems in the area Total % (CI-95 %) Deprivation levela Sex Age
High Low p Men Women p 18–44 45–79 p
Lack of recreational areas 68.7 % (63.4–73.9) 60 % 72 % 0.03 69.1 % 68.2 % N S 70.8 % 66.4 % NS
Walking difficulty 37.5 % (31.9–43.0) 37 % 37.8 % NS 32.1 % 43 % 0.05 38.6 % 36.4 % NS
Use of metro 39.3 % (33.7–44.7) 28 % 46 % 0.003 38 % 40.5 % NS 40.4 % 38.1 % NS
Lack of emblematic locations 35.3 % (29.9–40.7) 30 % 38 % NS 30 % 40.5 % 0.05 32.7 % 38.1 % NS
Potential effect attributed to recommended improvement: pedestrian walkway
 Increases physical activity 78.4 % (73.7–83.1) 73 % 81 % 0.06 75 % 81.7 % NS 84 % 72.4 % 0.01
 Increases use of the metro 64 % (58.5–69) 56 % 68 % 0.02 63.4 % 64.5 % NS 70.6 % 56.9 % 0.01
 Improves sociability 81.6 % (77.2–86) 87 % 79 % NS 79.6 % 83.6 % NS 86.5 % 76.4 % 0.01
 Increases leisure opportunities 63.5 % (58.1–69) 56 % 67 % 0.04 61.6 % 65.4 % NS 67.1 % 59.7 % NS
 Increases attractiveness of area 90.2 % (86.9–93.6) 98 % 86 % 0.001 91.1 % 89.4 % NS 92.9 % 87.3 % NS
  1. aHigh deprivation level: includes residents from census tracts with lower deprivation index (quintile I-III); and low deprivation level: residents from census tracts with higher deprivation index (quintile IV, V)