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Table 2 Socio-demographic, environmental and health baseline profile of the study area

From: Urban regeneration as population health intervention: a health impact assessment in the Bay of Pasaia (Spain)

Socio-demographic characteristics Study area Gipuzkoa
 - Inhabitants 20,862 705,210
 - > = 65 years (%) 22.3 19.8
 - Unemployment rate (%) 12.9 10.1
 - College education (%) 15.6 23.3
 - Foreign-born residents (%) 8.0 6.5
Environmental characteristics Study area Standard values
 - Housing density (dwelling/ha) 130.5 60.6
 - Green spaces (%) 10.5 20.1
 - PM10: high peaks (μg/m3) 48–228 50 (daily average)
 - Noise levels daytime/night-time (dB(A)) 10 dB(A) higher than standard values 65/55
 - Degraded land (ha) 11 --
  Study area Gipuzkoa
Health status Men Women Total Men Women Total
Morbidity
 - All cancers (rates × 1003 inhabitants. Age-adjusted to European population)a 972.1** 403.9** 639.01** 513.03 275.9 377.6
 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (cases/100 IHC)b 2.87** 1.15** 1.99** 1.74 0.82 1.61
 - Diabetes mellitus (cases/100 IHC)b 6.59** 6.45** 6.51** 5.37 4.23 4.79
 - Arterial hypertension (cases/100 IHC)b 17.94** 20.54** 19.28** 15.90 16.38 16.17
 - Anxiety-depression (cases/100 IHC)b 5.18** 14.18** 10.05** 3.64 8.82 6.27
Risk factorsc
 - Obesity (%) 15.6 15.3 15.4* 14 11.9 12.9
 - Smoking (%) 31.8 26* 28.9* 28 19.3 23.5
 - Sedentary lifestyle (%) 57.5 57.2 57.3* 45.3 53.2 49.4
All-causes of mortality (rates × 1003 inhabitants). Age-adjusted to European population)d 860.6** 354.6 567* 694.7 353.8 502.6
Consumption of psychotropic drugs (DDD)e - - 75.6** - - 51.9
Hospital admissions (rates × 1003 inhabitants). Age-adjusted to standard European population)f 1203.3** 1019.8** 1086.2** 995.3 913.7 940.4
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01
  2. Source: aGipuzkoa Cancer Registry (1995–2004); bOsakidetza stratification database (2011); IHC = Individual Health Card; cESCAV Health Survey of the Basque Country (2007); dMortality Registry of the Basque Country (2004–2008); ePharmacy Registry, DDD = Defined Daily Dose; f CMBD Hospital Discharge Register (2005–2009)