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Table 1 Distribution of study population, prevalence of poor self-rated health, ethnic discrimination, and asking for fair treatment among marriage migrants in South Korea (N = 14,406)

From: Don’t ask for fair treatment? A gender analysis of ethnic discrimination, response to discrimination, and self-rated health among marriage migrants in South Korea

  Distribution Poor self-rated health Ethnic discrimination Asking for fair treatment among the population who experienced ethnic discriminationa
  N (%) N (%) p-valueb N (%) p-valuec N (%) p-valued
Gender    0.570   <0.001   <0.001
 Male 2,215 (15.4) 201 (9.1)   1,021 (46.1)   431 (42.2)  
 Female 12,191 (84.6) 1,061 (8.7)   4,859 (39.9)   1,467 (30.2)  
Age    <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
 20-29 4,067 (28.2) 125 (3.1)   1,541 (37.9)   394 (25.6)  
 30-39 4,855 (33.7) 260 (5.4)   2,101 (43.3)   717 (34.1)  
 40-49 3,523 (24.5) 384 (10.9)   1,571 (44.6)   539 (34.3)  
 50-59 1,330 (9.2) 251 (18.9)   513 (38.6)   189 (36.8)  
 60- 631 (4.4) 242 (38.4)   154 (24.4)   59 (38.3)  
Education    <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
 Primary school or less 1,202 (8.3) 200 (16.6)   428 (35.6)   114 (26.6)  
 Junior high school graduate 2,688 (18.7) 288 (10.7)   1,038 (38.6)   294 (28.3)  
 High school graduate 5,978 (41.5) 521 (8.7)   2,483 (41.5)   790 (31.8)  
 College or more 4,538 (31.5) 253 (5.6)   1,931 (42.6)   700 (36.3)  
Marital status    <0.001   0.256   0.038
 Currently married 13,735 (95.3) 1,054 (7.7)   5,592 (40.7)   1,789 (32.0)  
 Previously married 671 (4.7) 208 (31.0)   288 (42.9)   109 (37.9)  
Years of stay in Korea    <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
  ≤ 1 176 (1.2) 8 (4.6)   30 (17.1)   4 (13.3)  
  ≤ 5 4,151 (28.8) 195 (4.7)   1,469 (35.4)   360 (24.5)  
  ≤ 9 4,190 (29.1) 351 (8.4)   1,851 (44.2)   616 (33.3)  
  ≥ 10 5,889 (40.9) 708 (12.0)   2,530 (43.0)   918 (36.3)  
Residential area    <0.001   <0.001   0.240
 Metropolitan area 5,260 (33.9) 555 (10.6)   2,257 (42.9)   749 (33.2)  
 Rural area 9,146 (66.1) 707 (7.7)   3,623 (39.6)   1,149 (31.7)  
Household income    <0.001   0.005   <0.001
 Very low 1,427 (9.9) 370 (25.9)   530 (37.1)   152 (28.7)  
 Low 4,265 (29.6) 436 (10.2)   1,770 (41.5)   543 (30.7)  
 Middle 6,848 (47.5) 383 (5.6)   2,849 (41.6)   918 (32.2)  
 High 1,866 (13.0) 73 (3.9)   731 (39.2)   285 (39.0)  
Perceived socioeconomic position    <0.001   <0.001   0.367
 Low 3,144 (21.8) 518 (16.5)   1,575 (50.1)   496 (31.5)  
 Middle 9,114 (63.3) 604 (6.6)   3,582 (39.3)   1,153 (32.2)  
 High 2,148 (14.9) 140 (6.5) <0.001 723 (33.7)   249 (34.4)  
Occupation      <0.001   <0.001
 Permanent worker 2,739 (19.0) 137 (5.0)   1,229 (44.9)   496 (41.4)  
 Precarious worker 3,724 (25.9) 317 (8.5)   1,821 (48.9)   581 (31.9)  
 Employer 791 (5.5) 49 (6.2)   314 (39.7)   137 (43.6)  
 Unpaid family worker 746 (5.2) 48 (6.4)   253 (33.9)   71 (28.1)  
 Unemployed 6,406 (44.3) 711 (11.1)   2,263 (35.3)   613 (27.1)  
Korean language ability    <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
 Fluent 6,547 (45.4) 725 (11.1)   2,486 (38.0)   947 (38.1)  
 Fair 5,956 (41.3) 410 (6.9)   2,627 (44.1)   774 (29.5)  
 Poor 1,903 (13.2) 127 (6.7)   767 (40.3)   177 (23.1)  
  1. aMarriage migrants who asked for fair treatment among the migrants who had experienced ethnic discrimination
  2. b p-value of the Chi-square test comparing the prevalence of poor self-rated health across key covariates
  3. c p-value of the Chi-square test comparing the prevalence of ethnic discrimination across key covariates
  4. d p-value of the Chi-square test comparing the proportion of migrants who asked for fair treatment across key covariates among the population who experienced ethnic discrimination
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