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Table 3 The distribution of micro and macrovascular diseases by socioeconomic characteristics

From: A survey on socioeconomic determinants of diabetes mellitus management in a lower middle income setting

Socioeconomic characteristic Complications of diabetes mellitus (n = 202)a
  Microvascular (n = 186) Macrovascular (n = 56)
  Number %b Number %b
Sex
 Male 92 91.0 % 20 12.5 %
 Female 94 93.1 % 36 35.3 %
Age (years)
 35 to 39 11 100 % 1 0.8 %
 40 to 44 26 99.4 % 2 7.0 %
 45 to 49 34 85.6 % 13 42.4 %
 50 to 54 34 80.4 % 14 20.6 %
 55 to 59 43 100 % 18 35.0 %
 60 to 64 38 94.6 % 8 22.3 %
Ethnicity
 Sinhalese 144 93.1 % 37 23.4 %
 Tamil 20 97.6 % 15 93.9 %
 Muslim 22 69.0 % 4 32.8 %
Education
 No schooling 5 42.4 % 4 58.5 %
 Grade 5 or below 29 92.8 % 17 43.2 %
 Grade 6 to Grade 10 73 99.4 % 17 24.7 %
 Ordinary Level to Grade 12 42 88.4 % 7 11.8 %
 Advanced Level and above 28 86.2 % 7 18.5 %
 Missing 9   4  
Occupation
 Professional 2 46.0 % 1 34.0 %
 Technical & clerical 11 71.6 % 1 0.6 %
 Vendors and sellers 31 86.4 % 6 11.2 %
 Skilled manual workers 22 99.9 % 2 11.5 %
 Unskilled manual workers 22 99.8 % 11 32.9 %
 Retired 13 100 % 1 0.7 %
 Unemployed 11 100 % 3 21.6 %
 Housewife 72 92.1 % 30 37.3 %
 Missing 2   1  
Sector
 Urban 83 91.1 % 20 20.7 %
 Rural 82 92.2 % 22 24.6 %
 Estate 21 85.0 % 14 53.6 %
Income Category (Monthly Income)
 < Sri Lankan Rupees 10,000 47 92.1 % 20 30.4 %
 Sri Lankan Rupees 10,000 to 30,000 101 90.4 % 28 22.6 %
 > Sri Lankan Rupees 30,000 33 99.7 % 5 1.1 %
 Missing 5   3  
Social status index
 1st quintile (richest) 44 95.1 % 14 36.6 %
 2nd quintile 48 93.9 % 12 23.8 %
 3rd quintile 44 94.7 % 9 15.1 %
 4th quintile 35 83.5 % 9 20.2 %
 5th quintile (poorest) 15 87.9 % 12 66.9 %
Unsatisfactory Basic Needs Index
 1 (poorest) 6 99.1 % 4 1.4 %
 2 12 99.5 % 7 5.0 %
 3 26 92.0 % 8 19.7 %
 4 58 89.3 % 12 16.5 %
 5 (richest) 84 93.5 % 25 34.3 %
Place of management (n = 146)
 State 36 91.8 % 21 50.2 %
 Private 94 90.4 % 17 18.7 %
 Missing 5   5  
  1. aPresence of one or more complications were considered; bAll percentages were weighted values