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Table 2 The distribution of diabetes mellitus (DM) management aspects by socioeconomic characteristics

From: A survey on socioeconomic determinants of diabetes mellitus management in a lower middle income setting

Socioeconomic characteristic Newly diagnosed with aDM (n = 56) Already diagnosed of aDM (146) Poor Control of aDM (n = 130) Not on continuous treatment (n = 71) Monthly follow-ups not done (n = 91)
  Number %b Number %b Number %b Number %b Number %b
Sex
 Male 34 27.1 % 64 72.9 % 58 95.8 % 36 55.7 % 48 75.7 %
 Female 22 19 % 82 81 % 72 86.5 % 35 44.6 % 43 49.5 %
Age (years)
 35 to 39 5 49.9 % 6 50.1 % 6 100 % 4 51.0 % 5 52.1 %
 40 to 44 10 35.2 % 19 64.8 % 17 89.0 % 11 66.0 % 13 56.4 %
 45 to 49 13 28.7 % 26 71.3 % 21 80.2 % 13 31.4 % 15 50.4 %
 50 to 54 4 0.4 % 36 99.6 % 35 93.5 % 20 65.9 % 25 79.2 %
 55 to 59 13 22 % 30 78 % 26 94.0 % 11 29.5 % 15 49.8 %
 60 to 64 11 22.7 % 29 77.2 % 25 92.3 % 12 52.9 % 18 65.4 %
Ethnicity
 Sinhalese 40 23.9 % 116 76.1 % 103 91.9 % 59 51.2 % 72 63.6 %
 Tamil 11 7.3 % 12 92.7 % 11 99.0 % 6 4.2 % 8 5.6 %
 Muslim 5 3.3 % 18 96.7 % 15 67.1 % 6 33.1 % 11 37.0 %
Education
 No schooling 4 2.2 % 2 97.8 % 1 41.0 % - - - -
 Grade 5 or below 9 35.2 % 23 64.8 % 21 99.3 % 9 24.0 % 9 47.6 %
 Grade 6 to Grade 10 24 21.3 % 55 78.7 % 52 97.5 % 25 47.4 % 33 52.6 %
 Ordinary Level to Grade 12 14 8.3 % 30 91.7 % 26 90.5 % 17 53.0 % 23 73.5 %
 Advanced Level and above 4 23.4 % 27 76.6 % 24 93.4 % 17 64.8 % 19 70.8 %
 Missing 1   9   3   3   7  
Occupation
 Professional 1 34 % 2 66 % 2 100 % 2 100 % 2 100 %
 Technical & clerical 3 3 % 9 97 % 9 100 % 7 79.5 % 8 98.9 %
 Vendors and sellers 10 18.7 % 23 81.3 % 23 100 % 11 43.7 % 18 74.2 %
 Skilled manual workers 8 35.3 % 15 64.7 % 10 82.5 % 11 64.6 % 9 63.8 %
 Unskilled manual workers 13 34.6 % 10 65.4 % 10 100 % 6 58.6 % 8 99.5 %
 Retired 2 1.2 % 11 98.8 % 10 99.4 % 4 47.5 % 6 48.2 %
 Unemployed 2 40.8 % 9 59.2 % 9 100 % 4 62.3 % 6 63.6 %
 Housewife 16 21.4 % 66 78.6 % 56 83.9 % 26 43.3 % 33 46.5 %
 Missing 1   1   0   0   1  
Sector
 Urban 25 26.5 % 65 73.5 % 57 89.0 % 31 47.6 % 40 62.6 %
 Rural 20 22.6 % 68 77.4 % 61 90.8 % 32 49.6 % 41 61.3 %
 Estate 11 46.4 % 13 53.6 % 12 89.4 % 08 59.4 % 10 75.8 %
Income Category (Monthly Income)
 < Sri Lankan Rupees 10,000 16 23.4 % 37 76.6 % 33 99.5 % 13 35.8 % 18 52.0 %
 Sri Lankan Rupees 10,000 to 30,000 32 24.4 % 78 75.6 % 70 89.6 % 44 59.9 % 50 66.9 %
 > Sri Lankan Rupees 30,000 5 9.8 % 29 90.2 % 26 85.1 % 14 40.6 % 23 66.7 %
   Missing 3   2   1   0   0  
Social status index
 1st quintile (richest) 8 18.2 % 39 81.8 % 33 92.5 % 20 43.2 % 23 60.8 %
 2nd quintile 13 28.2 % 38 71.8 % 37 99.8 % 13 30.1 % 18 37.7 %
 3rd quintile 14 23.9 % 31 76.1 % 25 79.0 % 20 69.2 % 23 66.5 %
 4th quintile 12 21.4 % 30 78.6 % 27 92.0 % 14 57.3 % 22 81.0 %
 5th quintile (poorest) 9 53 % 8 47 % 8 100.0 % 4 51.5 % 5 60.9 %
Unsatisfactory Basic Needs Index
 1 (poorest) 6 99.1 % 2 0.9 % 2 100.0 % 1 50.8 % 1 50.8 %
 2 5 94.9 % 8 5.1 % 8 100.0 % 6 82.6 % 7 90.6 %
 3 8 15.1 % 20 84.9 % 16 81.9 % 12 60.2 % 11 56.0 %
 4 17 28.4 % 47 71.6 % 44 99.6 % 19 52.5 % 31 67.3 %
 5 (richest) 20 22 % 69 82 % 60 91.0 % 33 41.1 % 41 61.2 %
Place of management
 State - - 41 23.4 % 33 79.9 % 12 23.7 % 10 9 %
   Private - - 100 76.6 % 93 93.8 % 56 57 % 77 76.8 %
   Missing - - 5   4   3   4  
  1. aDM, diabetes mellitus
  2. bAll percentages were weighted values