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Table 3 General characteristics of innovations (N = 240)

From: Equity of access to primary healthcare for vulnerable populations: the IMPACT international online survey of innovations

  Number Percent
Country of innovationsa   
 Canada 108 45.0 %
 Australia 98 40.8 %
 Other 34 14.2 %
Sectors involved   
 Health 171 71.3 %
 Social 1 0.4 %
 Both 68 28.3 %
Population groups targetedb   
 Low income individuals/families 70 35.0 %
 People living with a chronic disease 66 33.0 %
 Homeless people 56 28.0 %
 Indigenous 55 27.5 %
 People living with a mental health illness 52 26.0 %
 Refugees 43 21.5 %
 Culturally And Linguistically Diverse communities 34 17.0 %
 Drug users 34 17.0 %
 Elderly 34 17.0 %
 Children/Adolescents 32 16.0 %
 People with disability 24 12.0 %
 Victims of violence/abuse 21 10.5 %
 Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Intersex 15 7.5 %
 Pregnant women/maternal health 11 5.5 %
 Remote/rural communities 9 4.5 %
 No particular population group targeted 26 10.8 %
 Multiple population groups targeted 102 51.0 %
 Other 20 10.0 %
Settings where innovations are deliveredb   
 Setting Community Health Centre 122 50.8 %
 Setting General Practice/Family Medicine Group 96 40.0 %
 Setting Mobile clinic/Outreach 70 29.2 %
 Setting at the Home 64 26.7 %
 Setting NGO 50 20.8 %
 Setting Telephone 43 17.9 %
 Setting Hospital 41 17.1 %
 Setting Online 21 8.8 %
 Setting School/educational facility 10 4.2 %
 Setting Shelter 8 3.3 %
 Setting Other 47 19.6 %
 Innovation delivered in multiple settings 137 57.1 %
Implementation level   
 Micro 217 90.4 %
 Meso 17 7.1 %
 Macro 6 2.5 %
Sources of fundingb   
 Financed by Government 182 76.8 %
 Financed by Non-for-profit 72 30.4 %
 Financed by Private sector 21 8.9 %
 Financed - I don’t know 19 8.0 %
 Financed by User payment 12 5.1 %
 Financed - by other 26 11.0 %
Number of funding sources involved   
 1 163 68.8 %
 2 58 24.5 %
 3 11 4.6 %
 4 5 2.1 %
  1. aCameroon, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Sudan, Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain/Northern Ireland, United States of America
  2. bMultiple responses allowed for this question